Wednesday, May 24, 2017

The burial at sea of Osama bin Laden after he was killed by Navy SEALs last year followed traditional Islamic procedures, according to newly released military e-mails, but less than a dozen "leadership" members aboard the Navy carrier where the service took place were informed of ..

Dawood Ibrahim did attend the marriage of his daughter Mahrukh with Junaid, son of former Pakistani cricketer Javed Miandad. ... Top intelligence sources say Dawood travelled to Saudi Arabia for the marriage on a Pakistan passport. ... Then how did he manage to reach the ...

The 1993 Bombay bombings were a series of 12 bomb explosions that took place in Bombay, India on 12 March 1993. The coordinated attacks, carried out in revenge for riots that killed many Muslims, were the most destructive bomb explosions in Indian history. This was first of its kind serial-bomb-blasts across the world.

The 2012 Delhi gang rape case involved a rape and fatal assault that occurred on 16 December 2012 in Munirka, a neighbourhood in South Delhi. The incident took place when a 23-year-old female physiotherapy intern, Jyoti Singh,[4] was beaten, gang raped, and tortured in a private bus in which she was traveling with her friend, Awindra Pratap Pandey. There were six others in the bus, including the driver, all of whom raped the woman and beat her friend. Eleven days after the assault, she was transferred to a hospital in Singapore for emergency treatment, but died from her injuries two days later.[5][6] The incident generated widespread national and international coverage and was widely condemned, both in India and abroad. Subsequently, public protests against the state and central governments for failing to provide adequate security for women took place in New Delhi, where thousands of protesters clashed with security forces. Similar protests took place in major cities throughout the country. Since there is a law in India that does not allow the press to publicise a rape victim's name, the victim has become widely known as Nirbhaya, meaning "fearless", and her life and death have come to symbolise women's struggle to end the rape culture in India and the long-held practice of either denial of its existence within the country,[7] or otherwise blaming the victim rather than the perpetrator. All the accused were arrested and charged with sexual assault and murder. One of the accused, Ram Singh, died in police custody from possible suicide on 11 March 2013 in the Tihar Jail.[8] According to some published reports, the police say Ram Singh hanged himself, but defense lawyers and his family suspect he was murdered.[9] The rest of the accused went on trial in a fast-track court; the prosecution finished presenting its evidence on 8 July 2013.[10] The juvenile was convicted of rape and murder and given the maximum sentence of three years' imprisonment in a reform facility.[11] On 10 September 2013, the four remaining adult defendants were found guilty of rape and murder and three days later were sentenced to death by hanging.[12][13][14] On 13 March 2014, Delhi High Court in the death reference case and hearing appeals against the conviction by the lower Court, upheld the guilty verdict and the death sentences.[15] As a result of the protests, in December 2012, a judicial committee was set up to study and take public suggestions for the best ways to amend laws to provide quicker investigation and prosecution of sex offenders. After considering about 80,000 suggestions, the committee submitted a report which indicated that failures on the part of the government and police were the root cause behind crimes against women. In 2013, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2013 was promulgated by President Pranab Mukherjee, several new laws were passed, and six new fast-track courts were created to hear rape cases. Critics argue that the legal system remains slow to hear and prosecute rape cases, but most agree that the case has resulted in a tremendous increase in the public discussion of crimes against women and statistics show that there has been an improvement in the number of women willing to file a crime report. However, in December 2014, the two-year anniversary of the attack, the girl's father called the promises of reform unmet and said that he felt regret in that he had not been able to bring justice for his daughter and other women like her.[16] A BBC documentary titled India's Daughter based on the attack was broadcast in the UK on 4 March 2015.[17] Indian-Canadian filmmaker Deepa Mehta's 2016 film Anatomy of Violence was also based on the incident, exploring the social conditions and values in Indian society that made it possible.

The film begins with SP Amit Kumar (Ajay Devgan) taking charge of the Tezpur District (fictitious) in Bihar. The area is notorious for its crime rate, with Tezpur Police under the control of the local don Sadhu Yadav (Mohan Joshi) and his son Sundar Yadav (Yashpal Sharma). Amit tries to instill honesty and courage in his subordinates, but in vain. Bacha Yadav (Mukesh Tiwari), who is a stooge of Sadhu Yadav visits his hideout, sees an infamous local goon Nunwa taking shelter there. Fearing that arresting him would open the lid on the nexus between Nunwa and the Tezpur Police, he kills Nunwa and misleads Police that he was killed in an encounter. Suspicious about the encounter, Amit Kumar summons Bacha Yadav, puts him off duty temporarily and also tries to keep him away from Sadhu Yadav and Sundar Yadav. Anxious that he would be transferred from Tezpur, Bacha Yadav, seeking the help of Sadhu Yadav, visits his home, where he finds out that he is being ditched by Sadhu and vows to settle score with them. Meanwhile, Sundar manhandles a Public Works Department engineer for not heeding to his word during a tendering process. Amit takes notice of the incident and also finds that a girl is missing from her home after being kidnapped by Sundar. Sensing an opportunity, Bacha Yadav urges Amit to give him one more chance, who obliges him. Bacha Yadav tricks Sundar into a factory where Amit and his men are waiting and after a brief scuffle, Sundar is arrested and produced in a local court, where the judge acquits Sundar on the account of lack of evidence against him. Sadhu Yadav's men then try to vandalise a shop of local pan vendor after he testified against Sundar, before being arrested and jailed in the police station. There, a fight arises between the accused and Bacha Yadav and his colleagues. It reaches an extreme point with Bacha Yadav piercing the eyes of the accused and pouring acid, referred locally as "Gangaajal", on their eyes. The incident raises a hue and cry in the local media, which accuses Police of vigilante justice. Angered by the incident, Amit Kumar orders his men involved to give their confessions in writing. While all, except Bacha Yadav, deny their involvement, Bacha Yadav writes his confession in a letter and submits it to Amit. When Bacha Yadav reaches his home, he finds his son and wife taken hostage by Sundar Yadav who, after a brief struggle, kills Bacha Yadav by shooting in his eyes. Enraged by the incident, Amit Kumar burns the confession letter of Bacha Yadav and issues a search warrant for Sundar and warns Sadhu Yadav to tell Sundar to surrender himself. Sadhu Yadav applies for an anticipatory bail for Sundar but before Sundar is produced in the court, he is arrested and is taken to jail. This time, the court rejects the bail application and orders the Police to keep Sundar in a 10-day custody. However, Sadhu Yadav influences local home minister and the Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) (Mohan Agashe) of the area, Verma, to release his son and also to send Amit on an emergency leave. After being released, Sundar disrupts the marriage of the girl who he kidnapped earlier and kills her mother in the process. Unable to bear the loss of her mother and the torture at the hands of Sundar, she kills herself in the presence of Amit. Amit detains both Sadhu and Sundar and tries to take them to Police Station. However, locals stop Amit and demand that both be killed then and there itself, before being convinced by him that they would be tried as per the law. On the way to Police Station, however, both Sadhu and Sundar escape. Amit then catches up with them and brief fight takes place between them and the film ends with both Sundar and Sadhu getting killed by falling accidentally on chisels of a plough, which incidentally pierce through their eyes.

Damini – Lightning is a 1993 crime thriller film directed by Rajkumar Santoshi starring Meenakshi Sheshadri in the title role alongside Sunny Deol, Rishi Kapoor, Amrish Puri, Tinu Anand, Paresh Rawal in pivotal role and Aamir Khan as special appearance. The story is of how a woman fights against society for justice.

Gangaajal (Devnagari: गंगा-जल English: Ganges' Waters or literally means Holy Waters) is a 2003 Bollywood crime film directed by Prakash Jha, starring Ajay Devgan, Gracy Singh and Mukesh Tiwari. The movie as a sidetrack also mentions the blinding incident at Bhagalpur. Gangaajal was a hit at the Indian box-office.

A false confession is an admission of guilt for a crime for which the confessor is not responsible. False confessions can be induced through coercion or by the mental disorder or incompetency of the accused. Research demonstrates that false confessions occur on a regular basis in case law, which is one reason why jurisprudence has established a series of rules—called "confession rules"—to detect, and subsequently reject, false confessions. Plea agreements typically require the defendant to stipulate to a set of facts establishing that he/she is guilty of the offense; in the United States federal system, before entering judgment on a guilty plea, the court must determine that there is a factual basis for the plea.

Wrongful execution is a miscarriage of justice occurring when an innocent person is put to death by capital punishment. Cases of wrongful execution are cited as an argument by opponents of capital punishment, while proponents suggest that the argument of innocence concerns the credibility of the justice system as a whole and does not solely undermine the use of death penalty.[1][2] A number of people are claimed to have been innocent victims of the death penalty.[3][4] Newly available DNA evidence has allowed the exoneration and release of more than 20 death row inmates since 1992 in the United States,[5] but DNA evidence is available in only a fraction of capital cases. Others have been released on the basis of weak cases against them, sometimes involving prosecutorial misconduct; resulting in acquittal at retrial, charges dropped, or innocence-based pardons. The Death Penalty Information Center (U.S.) has published a list of 10 inmates "executed but possibly innocent".[6] At least 39 executions are claimed to have been carried out in the U.S. in the face of evidence of innocence or serious doubt about guilt.[7] In the UK, reviews prompted by the Criminal Cases Review Commission have resulted in one pardon and three exonerations for people executed between 1950 and 1953 (when the execution rate in England and Wales averaged 17 per year), with compensation being paid.

David Gale is a professor who is a prisoner on death row in Texas. With only a few days until his execution, his lawyer negotiates a half million-dollar fee to tell his story to Bitsey Bloom, a journalist from a major news magazine. She is known for her ability to keep secrets and protect her sources. He tells her the story of how he ended up on death row, revealed to the audience through a series of lengthy flashbacks. Gale is head of the philosophy department at the University of Texas and an active member of DeathWatch, an advocacy group campaigning against capital punishment. At a graduation party, he encounters Berlin, an attractive graduate student who had been expelled from the school. While Gale is drunk at a party, she seduces him and gets him to have rough sex with her. She then falsely accuses Gale of rape. The next day, he loses a televised debate with the Governor of Texas when he is unable to point to an example of a demonstrably innocent man being executed during that governor's term. After losing the debate, Gale is arrested and charged with rape. While the rape charge against Gale is later dropped, the damage had already been done, and his family, marriage, university career and reputation are all destroyed. Constance Harraway, a fellow DeathWatch activist, is a close friend of Gale who consoles him after his life falls apart, and the pair have sex. However, the next day, Harraway is discovered raped and murdered, suffocated by a plastic bag taped over her head. An autopsy reveals that she had been forced to swallow the key to the handcuffs used to restrain her, a psychological torture technique used by the Securitate under the communist regime of Nicolae Ceauşescu, which Gale and Harraway had both protested against. The physical evidence at the crime scene points to Gale, who is convicted of rape and murder and is sentenced to death. In the present, Bloom investigates the case in between her visits with Gale. She comes to believe that the apparent evidence against Gale does not add up. She is tailed several times in her car by a person who turns out to be Dusty Wright, the alleged one-time lover and colleague of Harraway, who she suspects was the real killer. Wright slips evidence to Bloom that suggests Gale has been "framed", implying that the actual murderer videotaped the crime. Bloom pursues this lead until she finds a tape revealing that Harraway, who was suffering from terminal leukemia, had committed an elaborate suicide made to look like murder. Wright is seen on the videotape, acting as her accomplice, implying that they framed Gale as part of a plan to discredit the death penalty by conspiring to execute an innocent person, and subsequently releasing evidence of the actual circumstances. Once Bloom and her aide find this evidence, only hours remain until Gale's scheduled execution. She tries to give the tape to the authorities in time to stop the execution. She arrives at the Huntsville Unit just as the warden announces that it has been carried out. The tape is subsequently released, causing a media and political uproar over the execution of an innocent man. Later, Wright receives the fee that Bloom's magazine agreed to pay for the interview, and delivers it to Gale's ex-wife in Spain, along with a postcard from Berlin in San Francisco apologizing, all but confessing that the rape accusation that derailed Gale's life and career was false. His ex-wife looks distraught, knowing Gale told the truth and that she effectively stole their child away from him. Much later still, a videotape labelled "Off the Record" is delivered to Bloom. This tape picks up at the point where Wright confirmed that Harraway was dead. It continues to show him stepping aside to allow Gale, also present and party to the suicide, to caress the body of his lover, deliberately leaving his fingerprints on the plastic bag in the process. He then stands up and ends the recording, leaving Bloom stunned with the truth that the couple deliberately sacrificed themselves to discredit capital punishment as capable of causing the execution of an innocent man.

The Life of David Gale is a 2003 American drama film directed by Alan Parker (in his final film as a director) and written by Charles Randolph. The film is an international co-production, between the United States, Germany and the United Kingdom. Kevin Spacey played the eponymous character, a college professor and longtime activist against capital punishment who is sentenced to death for killing a fellow capital punishment opponent. Kate Winslet and Laura Linney co-star.

How'd you possibly compensate 20 years of ordeal not to just this victim of conspiracy or otherwise -- and also to his immediate family. Let's just say: Nuclear family. How?

My Comments This is the only reason I vie for abolishment of Capital Punishment. Otherwise No. Of course.

Innocent man freed after spending 20 years behind bars for attempted murder in a Compton shooting

Consider: Face/Off movie Bad Guy. Is this my Hubby? Is this my Father? Is this my Police Chief?

Hypothesis for Ethical Hackers and Our Geeks who teach How to Counter Online and Offline Impersonations and Counter Measures for Social Engineering on Social Media or Real Life Real Time Scenarios.

The term originated in the West Indies, where a zombie is a will-less, automaton-like person who is said to have been revived from the dead and must now do the will of the living.

Self-Defense Survival Guide: How To Survive When You're Fighting For Your Life

"A defendant is entitled to use reasonable force to protect himself, others for whom he is responsible and his property. It must be reasonable."

Self-defense (self-defence in many varieties of English) is a countermeasure that involves defending the health and well-being of oneself from harm.[1] The use of the right of self-defense as a legal justification for the use of force in times of danger is available in many jurisdictions, but the interpretation varies widely.

The term originated in the West Indies, where a zombie is a will-less, automaton-like person who is said to have been revived from the dead and must now do the will of the living.

In the UNIX operating system world, developers sometimes use the term to refer to a program process that has died but hasn't yet given its process table entry back to the system.

On the Web, a zombie is an abandoned and sadly out-of-date Web site that for some reason has been moved to another Web address. Such zombies contribute to linkrot.

There are a few other kinds of zombies: In one form of denial of service attack, a zombie is an insecure Web server on which malicious people have placed code that, when triggered at the same time as other zombie servers, will launch an overwhelming number of requests toward an attacked Web site, which will soon be unable to service legitimate requests from its users. A pulsing zombie is one that launches requests intermittently rather than all at once.

Typically, a zombie is a home-based PC whose owner is unaware that the computer is being exploited by an external party. The increasing prevalence of high speed connections makes home computers appealing targets for attack. Inadequate security measures make access relatively easy for an attacker. For example, if an Internet port has been left open, a small Trojan horse program can be left there for future activation.

A zombie (also known as a bot) is a computer that a remote attacker has accessed and set up to forward transmissions (including spam and viruses) to other computers on the Internet. The purpose is usually either financial gain or malice. Attackers typically exploit multiple computers to create a botnet, also known as a zombie army.

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

A 'hijra’s' life and hard times

Reading The Truth About Me is like experiencing a unique friendship. Translated from the original Tamil by V Geetha, this is an autobiography that has never been done before in the English language.

"‘Do you want me to arrange things so that you pee like women do, from below? Or as men do, from above?’

‘I want to live as a woman, which is why I wanted this operation. Please make it like it is for a woman.’ I did not know how women peed, but I wanted to be a woman. After two hours, I was told it was all over.’”

After that operation, done with only her lower body under anesthesia, A Revathi emerged quite “cleaned up” of her masculinity, without, as her brother would say in abuse, “her bud”. And though it was terribly painful once the effect of the anesthesia wore off, she had crossed an unusual threshold, emerging from a conflicted boyhood into a less than perfect womanhood, observing the elaborate rituals of the hijra community after nirvaanam (the operation).

Reading The Truth About Me is like experiencing a unique friendship. Translated from the original Tamil by V Geetha, this is an autobiography that has never been done before in the English language — A Hijra Life Story — as the subtitle informs you. There are some things that remain unexplained — why, for instance, are hijras called ‘Number 9’? That’s the taunt that’s frequently hurled at Revathi and others like her. But no glossary, no explanation. Familiarity with that vocabulary is assumed. If you don’t already know, go find out.

Revathi speaks to her readers like she might to a dear friend. She bares her heart, recalling her childhood. While she was still known as Doraisamy, son of a truck-owner and driver in a village in Namakkal taluk, Salem district, Tamil Nadu, she had taken part in festivities at the local Mariamman temple festival disguised as a girl. At the end of that day, the adolescent boy looked at himself in the mirror, and liked what he saw. “I had not worn a disguise, I said to myself; I had given form to my real feelings.”

Those “real feelings” run deep, and shine with sincerity. Beaten and threatened by her own family, Revathi runs away. She lives among her own kind in different cities, Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore. Faced with poverty, she is initially left with the two options most hijras have: begging and sex work. Revathi describes her experiences with both. Ironically, among the most humiliating experiences she endures is torture at the hands of a policeman.

There is warmth and humour too, and acceptance and love. Revathi’s brother, seeing her in a sari, remarks to his wife that perhaps she could learn how to wear her sari from Revathi — stylishly, and not too high. There is even a brief spell of married love, when Revathi settles into domesticity with a senior colleague at Sangama, an NGO that works for people like her. But the romance dies out soon, and she’s left on her own again.

“Finally, I went back to work at Sangama.” That’s the end of the narrative, also something of a beginning, in medias res.

Hijra: India's third gender claims its place in law

The history of the hijra community's stretches back to antiquity. But now, with a new supreme court ruling, India's third gender has finally achieved full legal recognition

With their glittering saris, bright makeup and a reputation for bawdy song and dance, hijras, India's transgender minority, are hard to miss. But this week, after years of discrimination, the community has finally been granted legal visibility.

On Tuesday the supreme court of India ruled that transgender people would be recognised on official documents under a seperate "third gender" category. The change follows similar legislation in Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh. This means that now, for the first time, there are quotas of government jobs and college places for hijras. The decision has been cheered by activists, who say that, despite its distinguished history, the community too often faces violence and harassment.

Shwetambera Parashar from the Humsafar Trust, an Indian NGO that campaigns for LGBT rights, says the exclusion faced by the community has been acute – from doctors refusing to examine or treat hijras, to police harrasment and discrimination keeping them locked out of mainstream employment. This week's change in the law is a "big step", she says, ensuring that discrimination can now be challenged.

Hijras, who can be eunuchs, intersex or transgender, have been part of South Asia's culture for thousands of years. Eunuchs are celebrated in sacred Hindu texts such as the Mahabharata and the Kama Sutra. They also enjoyed influential positions in the Mughal courts.

When the British came to power in India, the community's fortunes changed, with the disgusted colonists passing a law in 1897 classing all eunuchs as criminals. Since then many have been ostracised – either for cross dressing or being intersex – and have gone on to form their own communities, around a guru or mother figure to provide emotional and financial security. Many even took to using a secret code language known as Hijra Farsi for protection. More recently, hijras have been seen as auspicious and are often asked to bless celebrations such as marriages and births. In India's larger cities this has waned, forcing many to rely on begging or prostitution. The effect of this dangerous work and the community's limited access to health and welfare services can be seen in the staggering fact that HIV rates among hijras stand at 18% in Mumbai, while the rate among the wider population is only 0.3%.

Yet, despite welcoming the change in the law, Indian activists warn that not all transgender people feel comfortable being referred to as "third sex". Many prefer to be classed simply by the gender they have chosen, as women or men. Campaigners point out that more needs to be done to stop transgender people, and hijra communities in particular, from being criminalised – such as overturning the controversial section 377 law that makes homosexual acts a crime.

Bindiya Rana, who was the first transgender woman to stand as a provincial political candidate in Pakistan, says the changes in law in her own country, which came into effect in 2012, have not been enough to change lives.

"In Pakistan we are recognised and there are some jobs – mostly on three-month contracts or with NGOs – but not across the employment sector," she says. "The government have not supported us – they haven't implemented the law. I had more opposition when I fought in the election from politicians than I did from the public. Society in Pakistan is more understanding, more accepting and supportive of us than the government is. We have claimed our space in the law, but we are not protected by it."

In 2013, transgender people in Pakistan were given their first opportunity to stand for election.[38] Sanam Fakir, a 32-year-old hijra, ran as an independent candidate for Sukkur, Pakistan's general election in May.[39] The governments of both India (1994)[40] and Pakistan (2009)[41] have recognized hijras as a "third sex", thus granting them the basic civil rights of every citizen. In India, hijras now have the option to identify as a eunuch ("E") on passports and on certain government documents. They are not, however, fully accommodated; in order to vote, for example, citizens must identify as either male or female. There is also further discrimination from the government. In the 2009 general election, India's election committee denied three hijras candidature unless they identified themselves as either male or female. In April 2014, Justice KS Radhakrishnan declared transgender to be the third gender in Indian law, in a case brought by the National Legal Services Authority (Nalsa) against Union of India and others.[17][18][19] The ruling said:[42] Seldom, our society realises or cares to realise the trauma, agony and pain which the members of Transgender community undergo, nor appreciates the innate feelings of the members of the Transgender community, especially of those whose mind and body disown their biological sex. Our society often ridicules and abuses the Transgender community and in public places like railway stations, bus stands, schools, workplaces, malls, theatres, hospitals, they are sidelined and treated as untouchables, forgetting the fact that the moral failure lies in the society's unwillingness to contain or embrace different gender identities and expressions, a mindset which we have to change. Justice Radhakrishnan said that transgender people should be treated consistently with other minorities under the law, enabling them to access jobs, healthcare and education.[43] He framed the issue as one of human rights, saying that, "These TGs, even though insignificant in numbers, are still human beings and therefore they have every right to enjoy their human rights", concluding by declaring that:[42] Hijras, Eunuchs, apart from binary gender, be treated as "third gender" for the purpose of safeguarding their rights under Part III of our Constitution and the laws made by the Parliament and the State Legislature. Transgender persons' right to decide their self-identified gender is also upheld and the Centre and State Governments are directed to grant legal recognition of their gender identity such as male, female or as third gender. A bill supported by all political parties was tabled in Indian parliament to ensure transgender people get benefits akin reserved communities like SC/STs and is taking steps to see that they get enrollment in schools and jobs in government besides protection from sexual harassment.

Most hijras live at the margins of society with very low status; the very word "hijra" is sometimes used in a derogatory manner. The Indian lawyer and author Rajesh Talwar has written a book highlighting the human rights abuses suffered by the community titled 'The Third Sex and Human Rights.'[28] Few employment opportunities are available to hijras. Many get their income from extortion (forced payment by disrupting work/life using demonstrations and interference), performing at ceremonies (toli), begging (dheengna), or sex work ('raarha')—an occupation of eunuchs also recorded in premodern times. Violence against hijras, especially hijra sex workers, is often brutal, and occurs in public spaces, police stations, prisons, and their homes.[29] As with transgender people in most of the world, they face extreme discrimination in health, housing, education, employment, immigration, law, and any bureaucracy that is unable to place them into male or female gender categories.[30] In 2008, HIV prevalence was 27.6% amongst hijra sex workers in Larkana.[31] The general prevalence of HIV among the adult Pakistani population is estimated at 0.1%.[32] In October 2013, Pakistani Christians and Muslims (Shia and Sunni) put pressure on the landlords of Imamia Colony to evict any transgender residents. "Generally in Pakistan, Khwaja Sira are not under threat. But they are in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province because of a 'new Islam' under way", I.A. Rehman, the director of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan.[33] In a study of Bangladeshi hijras, participants reported not being allowed to seek healthcare at the private chambers of doctors, and experiencing abuse if they go to government hospitals.[34] Beginning in 2006, hijras were engaged to accompany Patna city revenue officials to collect unpaid taxes, receiving a 4-percent commission.[35] Since India's Supreme Court re-criminalized homosexual sex on 13 December 2013, there has been a sharp increase in the physical, psychological and sexual violence against the transgender community by the Indian Police Service, nor are they investigating even when sexual assault against them is reported.[36] On 15 April 2014, in National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India, the Supreme Court of India ruled that transgender people should be treated as a third category of gender or as a socially and economically "backward" class entitled to proportional access and representation in education and jobs.

Hijra (for translations, see [n 1]) is a term used in South Asia to refer to transgender individuals who are born male.[1][2] They are also known as Aravani, Aruvani or Jagappa.[3] It's of note that in many languages of India, especially outside North-West India, the term "hijra" has never been used and instead the original concept has been translated into other terms, such as the term Thirunangai in Tamil or the term chhakka in Kannada. [4] The hijras are officially recognized as third gender by the government,[5][6] being neither completely male nor female. Hijras have a recorded history in the Indian subcontinent from antiquity onwards as suggested by the Kama Sutra period. This history features a number of well-known roles within subcontinental cultures, part gender-liminal, part spiritual and part survival. In South Asia, many hijras live in well-defined and organised all-hijra communities, led by a guru.[7][8] These communities have sustained themselves over generations by "adopting" boys who are in abject poverty, rejected by, or flee, their family of origin.[9] Many work as sex workers for survival.[10] The word "hijra" is an Urdu word derived from the Semitic Arabic root hjr in its sense of "leaving one's tribe,"[11] and has been borrowed into Hindi. The Indian usage has traditionally been translated into English as "eunuch" or "hermaphrodite," where "the irregularity of the male genitalia is central to the definition."[12] However, in general hijras are born male, only a few having been born with intersex variations.[13] Some Hijras undergo an initiation rite into the hijra community called nirwaan, which refers to the removal of the penis, scrotum and testicles.[10] Since the late 20th century, some hijra activists and Western non-government organizations (NGOs) have lobbied for official recognition of the hijra as a kind of "third sex" or "third gender," as neither man nor woman.[14] Hijras have successfully gained this recognition in Bangladesh and are eligible for priority in education.[15][16] In India, the Supreme Court in April 2014 recognised hijra and transgender people as a 'third gender' in law.[17][18][19] Nepal, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh have all legally accepted the existence of a third gender, with India including an option for them on passports and certain official documents.

Milk is a 2008 American biographical film based on the life of gay rights activist and politician Harvey Milk, who was the first openly gay person to be elected to public office in California, as a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. Directed by Gus Van Sant and written by Dustin Lance Black, the film stars Sean Penn as Milk and Josh Brolin as Dan White, a city supervisor who assassinated Milk and Mayor George Moscone. The film was released to much acclaim and earned numerous accolades from film critics and guilds. Ultimately, it received eight Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture, winning two for Best Actor in a Leading Role for Penn and Best Original Screenplay for Black. Attempts to put Milk's life to film followed a 1984 documentary of his life and the aftermath of his assassination, titled The Times of Harvey Milk, which was loosely based upon Randy Shilts's biography, The Mayor of Castro Street (the film won the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature for 1984, and was awarded Special Jury Prize at the first Sundance Film Festival, among other awards). Various scripts were considered in the early 1990s, but projects fell through for different reasons, until 2007. Much of Milk was filmed on Castro Street and other locations in San Francisco, including Milk's former storefront, Castro Camera. Milk begins on Harvey Milk's 40th birthday (in 1970), when he was living in New York City and had not yet settled in San Francisco. It chronicles his foray into city politics, and the various battles he waged in the Castro neighborhood as well as throughout the city, and political campaigns to limit the rights of gay people in 1977 and 1978 run by Anita Bryant and John Briggs. His romantic and political relationships are also addressed, as is his tenuous affiliation with troubled Supervisor Dan White; the film ends with White's double homicide of Milk and Mayor George Moscone. The film's release was tied to the 2008 California voter referendum on gay marriage, Proposition 8, when it made its premiere at the Castro Theatre two weeks before election day.

Monday, May 22, 2017

Playing God. Isn't that so Ungodly. Your Conscience buzzing: Ungodly Hour. Who are these people? Control freaks? Predators? Victimizers? Puppeteer? Kick? Do they get some deviant thrills? Like role-playing Jim Corbett: For trifling, short-lived thrills and chills eh? What if this diabolic obsession backfires and boomeranges? Hey, Belgian hare? Big game eh? This is a musket skeet shooting. Ya, ya: a heavy large-caliber muzzle-loading usually smoothbore shoulder firearm; broadly: a shoulder gun carried by infantry. For trapshooting: My preferred choice of weapon is this: Ya, this -- my ancestral aborigine crossbow generously laced with frog-poison wooden not very that sharp -- left a little unhoned -- blunt trauma -- instantatenous coma -- of our Jungle invaders. Poaching is point-blank sacrilegious as well. This slingshot is just to cause distress to trespassers like you. You: Functional illiterate. I'm Mister Gunslinger. This six–shooter for juvenline -- repeat offenders: In a nutshell: Incorrigible Hooters. Yep. Are you retarded eh? Those right? Those are not only piscivorous. They're carnivorous -- omnivorous -- really real voracious. Those are real voracious alligators. This is not Lakshadweep island. Ya, neck-deep swamp! You can't even bleat or weep. Estranged but back again for second honeymoon. This jerk has Anterograde and Retrograde amnesia. Mister Fifty First Dates! Moron! Look how's he's grinning -- shameless fool. Cross-Eyed. Squinter. Those are honeymooners: Miss Gorger. Mister Devour. Undead and Unhappy Forever. Equally adept and agile even on this weedy turf. Zilch. Nothing would be left of you except remnants of carrion: A few stray uneaten, leftover chunks of dead and putrefying flesh. And, that's not their prenupital dance ritual whatever: They're like look Carnival Party Time! Aprodisiac! Lipovtian: Energy Drink from Tokyo, Japan. Hey, Honey I don't like the new one with Honey. Original Ginseng ya. Okay. Of course, HoneyPot. Anyway, without further aduie -- Let's kick this off now with a real quick hide-and-go-seek. Peekaboo! Blindman's buff / bluff. Yep, that's correct. 

One . . . .
Two . . . . 
Three . . . . 
RFID - My Comments: Could you believe that eh - I just Eureka--ed--on-this RFID-Hacking Proof Wallet for Credit cards and all at this shack near my Tea place. It's for like 140 rupees after not-so-serious basic Indian haggling.

Maybe the Technology has evolved and all -- and there're and there must be counter-measures and all -- but the point I'm trying to drive home is: ubiquitous -- imperceptibly so -- And, this person is a you know -- a peddler on the street corner -- an encroacher -- encroaching -- A nuisance for pedestrian traffic -- footpath -- Just this one person and his wares on this make-shift shack spawns into zillions of problems for all of us -- of course -- he's also a naive accomplice or propagator of it and victim of it as well. Because he's victiom of something else up in this vicious circle of . . . . -- I mean to say: This one chap and a bunch of 'em -- this'd mushroom into something colossal -- It's like in I guess 1990 or so: I stumbled on this book: Pulling Your Own Strings by Dr. Wayne W. Dyer; and I bought it from Abids, Hyderabad -- He's a victim and he's selling this book -- Isn't that so ironic eh? -- A friend was with me -- He's like my Constant-Pillion-Rider-Buddy -- you see -- those College-Days -- He's like so bluntly deriding me -- as If I don't need it -- in the first place -- maybe he's like if this zilch my meal ticket gets to understand even a wee bit of this Book -- He'd stop having anything to do with me. This person here after like zillions of years -- selling a eWallet -- like a simple credit cards et cetra thingy -- Those silver-casing Ciggy Case-like -- a litte more miniature-ish -- I don't think -- He knows anything about RFID and all that. 

I come home -- scuffling streets -- and blind alleys and everything -- huffing and panting -- dehydrated and semi-sunstroke-like delirium -- and, instead of looking for some effective on World Health Organization online resources for new formula for oral rehydration salts (ORS) -- sachet -- I start keyboarding this Blog post for you and I -- looking for the right word on Merriam Websters, Wikipedia and other online reference knowledge bases. This constant gnawning worry that my Wi-Fi connexion might conk out any time -- or there'd be an unscheduled power shutdown -- it's not so uncommon during Indian Summers -- All of us Indians -- and Expatriates in India and of course, Non-Resident Indians across the Globe -- go through this -- bugbears that get on our nerves -- By the way, Any Rakesh Sharma for Space Station so far? ISRO: Do you copy? I think we're with Eskimos. But this thing I dunno -- maybe something is in the pipeline.

That's all for now, folks: Time for some really real raunchy music for The unabashed Lothario in us. Dub. Dub. Dub. YouTube Dot Com. 

One more thing: I've buckled down for another E-book after a lull -- It's a novel about the loveless existence of an aging lothario.

Here's something Historical intro you'd moot:

Lothario comes from The Fair Penitent (1703), a tragedy by Nicholas Rowe. In the play, Lothario is a notorious seducer, extremely attractive but beneath his charming exterior a haughty and unfeeling scoundrel. He seduces Calista, an unfaithful wife and later the fair penitent of the title. After the play was published, the character of Lothario became a stock figure in English literature. For example, Samuel Richardson modeled the character of Lovelace on Lothario in his 1748 novel Clarissa. As the character became well known, his name became progressively more generic, and since the 18th century the word lothario has been used for a foppish, unscrupulous rake.

Hello, Alizee: Is that you eh? "....sometimes I think those little brats are the spawn of Satan himself".
Babes Is that you live or your voice answering machine eh? Profane words telling -- Expletives -- What me no Military Rat. Excuse moi Miss Geneva Convocation Tap Dance Function...I'm Phone Phreak ya what do you think -- Ask AT and T ya then what OMG

RFID - My Comments: Could you believe that eh - I just Eureka--ed--on-this RFID-Hacking Proof Wallet for Credit cards and all at this shack near my Tea place. It's for like 140 rupees after not-so-serious basic Indian haggling.

RFID (radio frequency identification) is a technology that incorporates the use of electromagnetic or electrostatic coupling in the radio frequency (RF) portion of the electromagnetic spectrum to uniquely identify an object, animal, or person. RFID is coming into increasing use in industry as an alternative to the bar code. The advantage of RFID is that it does not require direct contact or line-of-sight scanning. An RFID system consists of three components: an antenna and transceiver (often combined into one reader) and a transponder (the tag). The antenna uses radio frequency waves to transmit a signal that activates the transponder. When activated, the tag transmits data back to the antenna. The data is used to notify a programmable logic controller that an action should occur. The action could be as simple as raising an access gate or as complicated as interfacing with a database to carry out a monetary transaction. Low-frequency RFID systems (30 KHz to 500 KHz) have short transmission ranges (generally less than six feet). High-frequency RFID systems (850 MHz to 950 MHz and 2.4 GHz to 2.5 GHz) offer longer transmission ranges (more than 90 feet). In general, the higher the frequency, the more expensive the system.
The purpose of RFID skimming may be simple theft of funds or more complex identity theft. Most typically, thieves use an NFC- (near-field communication) enabled device that records unencrypted data from the card's RFID chip, which is broadcast into the air. In the case of a credit card, for example, the data might include the card number, expiry date and card holder name -- all that's required for transactions and, for many applications, to establish identity. 

Many smartphones are equipped with NFC and more mobile devices, such as tablets, are slated to have it. RFID skimming apps can be loaded onto mobile phones and devices can be constructed that are capable of reading RFID broadcasts at distances up to 15 feet away.

Potentially, RFID skimming is an even greater risk with debit cards, because banks often lack any policy to protect customers from fraudulent charges. The payment card industry has stated that safeguards are in place to make RFID-based cards secure. However, many researchers have demonstrated that the cards can be exploited. 

Psst: Damn you. What're you doing here huh? How did you get in -- in the first place? Give me The Book of Celestial Secrets -- you promised. Oh ya? ya Then what? Moron? Hey, how do I find my way out of this web? Anyway, what's this? Sleeping Beauty's Reading Lists of Books She wants to read...go away..freak

I'm Guest of Honor of My Chinese Comrade in Arms: A Fortress of Refuge and Faith. Six-Hundred Winged Angel at every Entrance and Gate. See If You'd Overun This Labryrinth and Maze. Destiny and Fate: Look here, Eklavya Sleeps. Abhimanyu is Leading the Bridage.

In Greek mythology, the Elysian Fields, or the Elysian Plains, the final resting places of the souls of the heroic and the virtuous, evolved from a designation of a place or person struck by lightning, enelysion, enelysios.[1] This could be a reference to Zeus, the god of lightning/Jupiter, so "lightning-struck" could be saying that the person was blessed (struck) by Zeus (/lightning/fortune). Egyptologist Jan Assmann has also suggested that Greek Elysion may have instead been derived from the Egyptian term ialu (older iaru), meaning "reeds," with specific reference to the "Reed fields" (Egyptian: sekhet iaru / ialu), a paradisiacal land of plenty where the dead hoped to spend eternity

a wolf in sheep's clothing? Trade Secret. Classified. Then what? For Your Eyes Only stuff. Ya. Bleat? Hmm. Faith. Remember any Shepherds? The Last. Herd-Neutral. Hush. Got it? What's your name eh? Hmm. Why?

I'm A Shepherd in sheep's clothing’ -- Ya, Dolly: Cry Wolf! I'm here to keep the wolf from the door -- ya Then What ya -- No way, duh -- ain't that obvious -- I'm NOT North American informal - type. Then What OMG. Did they come? Then? See.

informal A man who habitually seduces women. ‘he's the archetypal wolf in Armani threads’

Used figuratively to refer to a rapacious, ferocious, or voracious person or thing. ‘he calls the media ravening wolves’

THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 2007 The Law of Life

A cold, wet nose touched his face. At the touch, his soul jumped forward to awaken him. His hand went to the fire and he pulled a burning stick from it. The wolf saw the fire, but was not afraid. It turned and howled into the air to his brother wolves. They answered with hunger in their throats, and came running.
The old Indian listened to the hungry wolves. He heard them form a circle around him and his small fire. He waved his burning stick at them, but they did not move away. Now, one of them moved closer, slowly, as if to test the old man’s strength. Another and another followed. The circle grew smaller and smaller. Not one wolf stayed behind.
Why should he fight? Why cling to life? And he dropped his stick with the fire on the end of it. It fell in the snow and the light went out.
The circle of wolves moved closer. Once again the old Indian saw the picture of the moose as it struggled before the end came. He dropped his head to his knees. What did it matter after all? Isn’t this the law of life?


The Law of Life
The Law of Life
Written by Jack London

Sunday, May 21, 2017

Watch offbeat news spaces.
Thread: a series of newsgroup messages following a single topic -- See 'em in a sequence. Not as just one snapshot. But a motion picture. Re-arrange. Got it?
Try to Link this with that.
Oh you DEF CON ya OMG
Time Travel concatenated with Time Capsule -- Don't look for historical seal-fate-decisive so-called unprecedented measures -- Look across Centuries -- An obscure moral story in some Bla-blah century and a current socio-political gnawing problem. Let's call this knack Shamanic. Read this:

Knife sharpening is the process of making a knife or similar tool sharp by grinding against a hard, rough surface, typically stone, or a soft surface with hard particles, such as sandpaper. Additionally, a leather razor strop, or strop, is often used to straighten and polish an edge.

Hone is the most apt word in this context:

to sharpen or smooth with a whetstone

to make more acute, intense, or effective :  whet

a stone used for sharpening knives, blades, etc.

I won't recommend that bicyle-guy -- pedal-powered whetting -- I'm speaking this in strictly metamorphical terms: Go back to Ancient Days. Cave Man Days. Stone-Age Days.

So if you'd get that Shamanic Intuition where figurately speaking -- you touch the razor of the blade or knife and you'd tell with some substantial certainty that something is wrong -- or, you get that Holmesian Logic bypassing the Standard Linear Approach taken to Resolve anything -- to deduce -- to make a decision -- anything -- a Swissknife approach to everything -- Master key or something they say right -- something like that -- A village elder is wise...a scientist is intellige Zoos Safaris or Jungles.

A sage. A mystic. There're always you know -- There's something in their this inevitablity of existenstinal aloneness...they're never alone. We live amongst a crowd..but we feel so distresslingly Home Alone.

Of course, I'm not professing to be the Next Osho for Rich -- I just share my know...I'm so Narcisstic in this context that I re-read my own Blogs and try to find different shades of meanings and interpretation of meanings et cetra. If I write to a girl and she writes me back -- I re-read my own Chucks of Text to her and try to you know visualize -- I found this out zillions of years later while watching this movie: Hard Candy. Where this girl says to this Pedophile you guys do this stuff -- go through your E-mails to us again and again in real OCD-like fashion -- I'm improvesing here -- So obviously the Pedophile Part and writing to Lolitos -- that safely exempted -- I love reading my own writings.

I'm hunchbacked look really awful. We'd virtual date but no cam -- of course.
No Audio -- obviously. Unless you let me Voice Change with Bonzi Buddy when it used to a parrot. Er I mean Parakeet.
I still wear Suspenders.

This is excerpted from my Blog: WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 9, 2013

Girls: Expect a red-carpet welcome -- Let the boys accuse me of unabashed favoritism -- Lenient policies! :-) If you happen to spot a gray-haired guy -- hunchbacked -- in his early forties -- wearing extremely sober suspenders -- scuffling to cross the street -- you'd safely approach him -- with absolutely no caution (put that pepper spray in your clutch bag, please!) -- that's me! :-)

I'm a The Steadfast Tin Soldier.

then he thought of the pretty little dancer, whom he was never to see again, and this refrain rang in his ears:—

“Onward! Onward! Soldier!

For death thou canst not shun.”

Soldiering is burning-coal-like:

My Blog Post: FRIDAY, JANUARY 27, 2017

Sisyphus is in you.

Strength of spirit: Ability to continue despite difficulties.

There is no magic wand that could change boys into men but sheer, mammoth grit.
This is your life.
If you are a closet escapist opt for hot-air balloon ride. No one would ever suspect your timidity.
But if you have even a wee bit of pathfinding spunk --
Invoke the pygmy Sherpa-like relentlessness of spirit in you.
It would metamorphose into a real giant. Eventually.
Buckle down to Sisyphean ordeals.
Don't shy away from 'em.
Sisyphus is in you.
Listen to your inner voice.
Try not to muffle or squelch those echoes.

My Idealogical Soul Mate: A story of an unfinished quest . . . .

To Be Continued . . . .


For instance: I just stumbled on this: Fates plural :  the three goddesses, Atropos, Clotho, and Lachesis, who determine the course of human life in classical mythology.


So you wanna speak Engish Native-American way -- This Brown Indian is here for just that eh! Rejoice!

Eight years ago, Leanne Rowe was in a serious car crash that resulted in a broken back and jaw. But when the former bus driver and Australian Army Reserve member recovered, she was left with something completely unexpected: a French accent.
Rowe, who is now unable to speak with her original Aussie accent, said she has become a "recluse," and often has her daughter speak for her in public.
"I am not French," Rowe told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) on Sunday. "It makes me so angry because I am Australian."
How can this occur?

Car crash leaves Australian woman with French accent

Foreign accent syndrome is an extremely rare condition in which brain injuries change a person's speech patterns, giving them a different accent. The first known case was reported in 1941, when a Norwegian woman suffered shrapnel injuries to the brain during a German bombing run -- and started speaking with a German accent. Since then there have been only a few dozen reported cases.

The man with no memory: Navy vet wakes up, speaks only Swedish

fugue: a disturbed state of consciousness in which the one affected seems to perform acts in full awareness but upon recovery cannot recollect the acts performed

Getting Out of Your Victim Habits:

As a child you were often victimized simply by virtue of your stature within your family. Your strings were being pulled constantly, and while you complained privately, you also knew there was very little you could do to take control. You knew you couldn't support yourself, and that if you didn't go along with the program outlined by the big people in your life, there were very few acceptable alternatives available to you. All you had to do was try running away from home for twenty minutes to see how helpless you were on your own. So you went along, and you learned to accept your reality. And while you worked at attaining some independece, you were often content to let others do your thinking and life-directing for you.

As an adult, you may still be carrying many left-over habits from childhood, which made some practical sense then, but which set you up as an easy victim now. Getting out of your victim traps, involves, above all developing new habits.

Dr. Wayne W. Dyer / Pulling Your Own Strings: Dynamic techniques for dealing with other people and living your life as you choose.

Free flight began as an effort to become less dependent on the human factor and more dependent on the growing technology of its day. As airlines expanded their fleets in the 1960s, they increased the need for air traffic management (ATM).[citation needed] ATM created instrument flight rules (commonly known as "IFR") to manage the growing numbers of aircraft. This helped control air traffic, but required a significant amount of time, effort, and resources to maintain IFR flight.[citation needed] In 1968, the Federal Aviation Administration issued the High Density Airport Rule to reduce the amount of aircraft in a given airport.[citation needed] Twenty years earlier Crocker Snow used television cameras to locate his position when flying an aircraft.[citation needed] He sent up signals to the aircraft so they could get a third person perspective of the aircraft’s surrounding. This idea worked but was too costly and was impractical. In the 1960s transponders removed the need to use television cameras. Other problems that occurred in the air traffic industry were the OPEC fuel crises and the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) strike of 1982 resulting the firing of thousands of controllers by President Ronald Reagan. This showed how vulnerable air transportation was to economic forces.[citation needed] The key components of free flight were identified in 1971 by United Airlines systems manager William Cotton, although the technology to implement it was not available for another two decades.[1] In the 1970's the GPS satellite navigation system was deployed by the US Department of Defense and the aviation industry saw the opportunity to use GPS for potentially more efficient air traffic management capabilities through an increased use of this capability coupled with automation enabled by it.[citation needed] In 1991 the International Civil Aviation Organization created the Future Air Navigation System Panel. The panel produced descriptions of satellite-based technology applications and their use in air traffic management. A larger role emerged for "user-defined trajectory" that became known as "free flight" by the mid-1990s. The first hearings on implementing free flight were held in August 1994 by Representative Collin Peterson (D-Minnesota), chair of the House subcommittee with investigative jurisdiction over the FAA.[1] In 1995 David Hinson, the FAA administrator, organized a task force to draw up detailed plans to implement free flight. The report, issued in October that year called for three phases;[1][2] phase I ended at the end of 2002, the others have not been started. A method and system for an automated tool to enable en route traffic controllers to optimize aircraft routes dynamically was patented by the NASA in 2001.[3] True free flight applications exist only on a small scale in selected airspace operations where only the most well equipped aircraft operate, such as at high altitude by commercial airliners.[citation needed] There are many versions of free flight being conceived for the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NGATS). The free flight vision is expected to slowly emerge over the next 20–30 years as NGATS emerges from billions of dollars of development, testing, careful transition planning, training, and deployment of ground-based and airborne systems by all types of aircraft. Key elements of NGATS include the automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) and what can be expected to be an ever-evolving, net-centric information application called the System Wide Information Management System or "SWIM".

Free flight is a new concept being developed to take the place of the current air traffic management methods through the use of technology. True free flight eliminates the need for air traffic control (ATC) operators by giving the responsibility to the pilot in command. This gives the pilot the ability to change trajectory in mid-flight. With the aid of computer systems and/or ATC, pilots will be able to make more flight path decisions independently. As in most complex systems, distributed yet cooperative decision making is believed to be more efficient than the centralized control characterized by the current mode of air traffic management.

Free flight is a developing air traffic control method that uses no centralized control (e.g. air traffic controllers). Instead, parts of airspace are reserved dynamically and automatically in a distributed way using computer communication to ensure the required separation between aircraft. This new system may be implemented into the U.S. air traffic control system in the next decade.[citation needed] Its potential impact on the operations of the national airspace system is disputed, however.

Hey Guys: Is Tempest real eh? I''m still skeptical about directed-energy weapon (DEW). But Tempest was before this right -- both are different but work closely ya

TEMPEST is a National Security Agency specification and a NATO certification [1][2] referring to spying on information systems through leaking emanations, including unintentional radio or electrical signals, sounds, and vibrations.[3] TEMPEST covers both methods to spy upon others and also how to shield equipment against such spying. The protection efforts are also known as emission security (EMSEC), which is a subset of communications security (COMSEC).[4]

The NSA methods for spying upon computer emissions are classified, but some of the protection standards have been released by either the NSA or the Department of Defense.[5] Protecting equipment from spying is done with distance, shielding, filtering, and masking.[6] The TEMPEST standards mandate elements such as equipment distance from walls, amount of shielding in buildings and equipment, and distance separating wires carrying classified vs. unclassified materials,[5] filters on cables, and even distance and shielding between wires or equipment and building pipes. Noise can also protect information by masking the actual data.[6]

While much of TEMPEST is about leaking electromagnetic emanations, it also encompasses sounds and mechanical vibrations.[5] For example, it is possible to log a user's keystrokes using the motion sensor inside smartphones.[7] Compromising emissions are defined as unintentional intelligence-bearing signals which, if intercepted and analyzed (side-channel attack), may disclose the information transmitted, received, handled, or otherwise processed by any information-processing equipment.[

Voodoo death, a term coined by Walter Cannon in 1942 also known as psychogenic death or psychosomatic death, is the phenomenon of sudden death as brought about by a strong emotional shock, such as fear. The anomaly is recognized as "psychosomatic" in that death is caused by an emotional response—often fear—to some suggested outside force. Voodoo death is particularly noted in native societies, and concentration- or prisoner of war camps, but the condition is not specific to any particular culture.

Since prehistoric times, warlords and chiefs have recognised the importance of inducing psychological terror in opponents. Facing armies would shout, hurl insults at each other and beat weapons together or on shields prior to an engagement, all designed to intimidate the enemy. Massacres and other atrocities were certainly first employed at this time to subdue enemy or rebellious populations or induce an enemy to abandon their struggle. Currying favour with supporters was the other side of psychological warfare, and an early practitioner of such this was Alexander the Great, who successfully conquered large parts of Europe and the Middle East and held on to his territorial gains by co-opting local elites into the Greek administration and culture. Alexander left some of his men behind in each conquered city to introduce Greek culture and oppress dissident views. His soldiers were paid dowries to marry locals[8] in an effort to encourage assimilation. Genghis Khan, leader of the Mongolian Empire in the 13th century AD employed less subtle techniques. Defeating the will of the enemy before having to attack and reaching a consented settlement was preferable to actually fighting. The Mongol generals demanded submission to the Khan, and threatened the initially captured villages with complete destruction if they refused to surrender. If they had to fight to take the settlement, the Mongol generals fulfilled their threats and massacred the survivors. Tales of the encroaching horde spread to the next villages and created an aura of insecurity that undermined the possibility of future resistance.[9] The Khan also employed tactics that made his numbers seem greater than they actually were. During night operations he ordered each soldier to light three torches at dusk to give the illusion of an overwhelming army and deceive and intimidate enemy scouts. He also sometimes had objects tied to the tails of his horses, so that riding on open and dry fields raised a cloud of dust that gave the enemy the impression of great numbers. His soldiers used arrows specially notched to whistle as they flew through the air, creating a terrifying noise.[10] Another tactic favoured by the Mongols was catapulting severed human heads over city walls to frighten the inhabitants and spread disease in the besieged city's closed confines. This was especially used by the later Turko-Mongol chieftain. The Muslim caliph Omar, in his battles against the Byzantine Empire, sent small reinforcements in the form of a continuous stream, giving the impression that a large force would accumulate eventually if not swiftly dealt with. In the 6th century BCE Greek Bias of Priene successfully resisted the Lydian king Alyattes by fattening up a pair of mules and driving them out of the besieged city.[11] When Alyattes' envoy was then sent to Priene, Bias had piles of sand covered with corn to give the impression of plentiful resources. This ruse appears to have been well known in medieval Europe: defenders in castles or towns under siege would throw food from the walls to show besiegers that provisions were plentiful. A famous example occurs in the 8th century legend of Lady Carcas, who supposedly persuaded the Franks to abandon a five-year siege by this means and gave her name to Carcassonne as a result.

Psychological warfare (PSYWAR), or the basic aspects of modern psychological operations (PSYOP), have been known by many other names or terms, including MISO, Psy Ops, Political Warfare, "Hearts and Minds", and propaganda.[1] The term is used "to denote any action which is practiced mainly by psychological methods with the aim of evoking a planned psychological reaction in other people".[2] Various techniques are used, and are aimed at influencing a target audience's value system, belief system, emotions, motives, reasoning, or behavior. It is used to induce confessions or reinforce attitudes and behaviors favorable to the originator's objectives, and are sometimes combined with black operations or false flag tactics. It is also used to destroy the morale of enemies through tactics that aim to depress troops' psychological states.[3][4] Target audiences can be governments, organizations, groups, and individuals, and is not just limited to soldiers. Civilians of foreign territories can also be targeted by technology and media so as to cause an effect in the government of their country.[5] In Propaganda: The Formation of Men's Attitudes, Jacques Ellul discusses psychological warfare as a common peace policy practice between nations as a form of indirect aggression. This type of propaganda drains the public opinion of an opposing regime by stripping away its power on public opinion. This form of aggression is hard to defend against because no international court of justice is capable of protecting against psychological aggression since it cannot be legally adjudicated. "Here the propagandists is [sic] dealing with a foreign adversary whose morale he seeks to destroy by psychological means so that the opponent begins to doubt the validity of his beliefs and actions.

Saturday, May 20, 2017

oh sorry mein Lucifer bolriu aap phone accept karte kya

jawaab e shikwa aaj hi raat ko hai aap ki muh dikaiye aur muzairah iblees ki beti ki ghazal

necrophile necrophil with mba and mphil feel in grave -- worst nightmare of a necrophile or darkest fantasy? LOL So you mean that's she he was a dead boy of someone who died in the 18th century BACk ya then what your Kung fu is good master chicken legs

Tent pegging (sometimes spelled tent-pegging or tentpegging) is a cavalry sport of ancient origin, and is one of only ten equestrian disciplines officially recognised by the International Equestrian Federation. Used narrowly, the term refers to a specific mounted game with ground targets. More broadly, it refers to the entire class of mounted cavalry games involving edged weapons on horseback, for which the term "equestrian skill-at-arms" is also used.

Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)"

I was five and he was six
We rode on horses made of sticks
He wore black and I wore white
He would always win the fight

Bang bang, he shot me down
Bang bang, I hit the ground
Bang bang, that awful sound
Bang bang, my baby shot me down.

Seasons came and changed the time
When I grew up, I called him mine
He would always laugh and say
Remember when we used to play?

Bang bang, I shot you down
Bang bang, you hit the ground
Bang bang, that awful sound
Bang bang, I used to shoot you down.

Music played, and people sang
Just for me, the church bells rang.

Now he's gone, I don't know why
And 'til this day, sometimes I cry
He didn't even say goodbye
He didn't take the time to lie.

Bang bang, he shot me down
Bang bang, I hit the ground
Bang bang, that awful sound
Bang bang, my baby shot me down...

Kill SiL Sequel eh? LOL

My Hypothesis: Imagine yourself dead and you woke up in your grave and realize all that and then you're a wee bit comfy that this is your Safety Coffin and You're prematurely Buried and then you hit the distress bell panic button but they deliberatly ignore it. And, you'd hear 'em laugh and ridicule you and all that...and you realize that you're nowhere but just a few feet under the ground in your own home.

Dr. Adolf Gutsmuth was buried alive several times to demonstrate a safety coffin of his own design, and in 1822 he stayed underground for several hours and even ate a meal of soup, bratwurst, marzipan, sauerkraut, spätzle, beer, and for dessert, prinzregententorte, delivered to him through the coffin's feeding tube. The 1820s also saw the use of "portable death chambers" in Germany. A small chamber, equipped with a bell for signalling and a window for viewing the body, was constructed over an empty grave. Watchmen would check each day for signs of life or decomposition in each of the chambers. If the bell was rung the "body" could be immediately removed, but if the watchman observed signs of putrefaction in the corpse, a door in the floor of the chamber could be opened and the body would drop down into the grave. A panel could then be slid in to cover the grave and the upper chamber removed and reused.

A safety coffin or security coffin is a coffin fitted with a mechanism to prevent premature burial or allow the occupant to signal that they have been buried alive. A large number of designs for safety coffins were patented during the 18th and 19th centuries and variations on the idea are still available today.

Fear of being buried alive is the fear of being placed in a grave while still alive as a result of being incorrectly pronounced dead. The abnormal, psychopathological version of this fear is referred to as taphophobia (from Greek τάφος - taphos, "grave, tomb"[1] and φόβος - phobos, "fear"[2]), which is translated as "fear of graves".[3] Before the advent of modern medicine, the fear was not entirely irrational. Throughout history, there have been numerous cases of people being buried alive by accident. In 1905, the English reformer William Tebb collected accounts of premature burial. He found 219 cases of near live burial, 149 actual live burials, 10 cases of live dissection and 2 cases of awakening while being embalmed.[4] The 18th century had seen the development of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and crude defibrillation techniques to revive persons considered dead, and the Royal Humane Society had been formed as the Society for the Recovery of Persons Apparently Drowned.[5] In 1896, an American funeral director, T.M. Montgomery, reported that "nearly 2% of those exhumed were no doubt victims of suspended animation,"[6] although folklorist Paul Barber has argued that the incidence of burial alive has been overestimated, and that the normal effects of decomposition are mistaken for signs of life.[7] There have been many urban legends of people being accidentally buried alive. Legends included elements such as someone entering into the state of sopor or coma, only to wake up years later and die a horrible death. Other legends tell of coffins opened to find a corpse with a long beard or corpses with the hands raised and palms turned upward. Of note is a legend about the premature burial of Ann Hill Carter Lee, the wife of Henry Lee III.[8] On his deathbed in 1799, George Washington made his attendants promise not to bury him for two days. Literature found fertile ground in exploring the natural fear of being buried alive. One of Edgar Allan Poe's horror stories, "The Premature Burial", is about a person suffering from taphophobia. Other Poe stories about premature burial are "The Fall of the House of Usher" and "The Cask of Amontillado"—and to a lesser extent, “The Black Cat”. Fear of being buried alive was elaborated to the extent that those who could afford it would make all sorts of arrangements for the construction of a safety coffin[9] to ensure this would be avoided (e.g., glass lids for observation, ropes to bells for signaling, and breathing pipes for survival until rescued).[10] An urban legend states that the sayings "Saved by the bell" and "Dead ringer" are both derived from the notion of having a rope attached to a bell outside the coffin that could alert people that the recently buried person is not yet deceased; these theories have been proven a hoax.

Premature burial, also known as live burial, burial alive, or vivisepulture, means to be buried while still alive. Animals or humans may be buried alive accidentally or intentionally. The victim may accidentally be buried by others in the mistaken assumption that they are dead. Intentional burial may occur as a form of torture, murder, or execution; it may also occur with consent of the victim as a part of a stunt (with the intention to escape). Fear of being buried alive is reported to be among the most common phobias.

Lazarus syndrome, also known as autoresuscitation after failed cardiopulmonary resuscitation,[1] is the spontaneous return of circulation after failed attempts at resuscitation.[2] Its occurrence has been noted in medical literature at least 38 times since 1982.[3][4] It takes its name from Lazarus who, as described in the New Testament of The Bible, was raised from the dead by Jesus.[5] Occurrences of the syndrome are extremely rare and the causes are not well understood. One hypothesis for the phenomenon is that a chief factor (though not the only one) is the buildup of pressure in the chest as a result of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The relaxation of pressure after resuscitation efforts have ended is thought to allow the heart to expand, triggering the heart's electrical impulses and restarting the heartbeat.[2] Other possible factors are hyperkalemia or high doses of epinephrine.

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920) is a German expressionist film telling the story of an insane hypnotist who uses a somnambulist to commit murders.

Sleepwalking can sometimes result in injury, assault, or the death of someone else. For this reason, sleepwalking can be used as a legal defense. However, sleepwalking is a difficult case to prove.[31] It is impossible to prove absolutely that a crime occurred in the context of a sleepwalking episode because there is no objective means to assess it retrospectively. It relies on probability and circumstantial evidence of a behavior that often has no witnesses (including the defendant, because amnesia is a feature of sleepwalking). Even a history of sleepwalking does not support that it was a factor during any given event. Alternative explanations, such as malingering and alcohol and drug-induced amnesia, need to be excluded. The differential diagnosis may also include other conditions in which violence related to sleep is a risk, such as REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RSBD), fugue states, and episodic wandering."[32] In the 1963 case Bratty v Attorney-General for Northern Ireland, Lord Morris stated, "Each set of facts must require a careful examination of its own circumstances, but if by way of taking an illustration it were considered possible for a person to walk in his sleep and to commit a violent crime while genuinely unconscious, then such a person would not be criminally liable for that act."[33] In the case of the law, an individual can be accused of non-insane automatism or insane automatism. The first is used as a defense for temporary insanity or involuntary conduct, resulting in acquittal. The latter results in a "special verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity."[34] This verdict of insanity can result in a court order to attend a mental institution.[35] Other examples of legal cases involving sleepwalking in the defense include: 1846, Albert Tirrell used sleepwalking as a defense against charges of murdering Maria Bickford, a prostitute living in a Boston brothel. 1981, Steven Steinberg, of Scottsdale, Arizona was accused of killing his wife and acquitted on the grounds of temporary insanity.[36] 1991, R v Burgess: Burgess was accused of hitting his girlfriend on the head with a wine bottle and then a video tape recorder. Found not guilty, at Bristol Crown Court, by reason of insane automatism.[37] 1992, R. v. Parks: Parks was accused of killing his mother-in-law and attempting to kill his father-in-law. He was acquitted by the Supreme Court of Canada.[36] 1994, Pennsylvania v. Ricksgers: Ricksgers was accused of killing his wife. He was sentenced to life in prison without parole.[38] 1999, Arizona v. Falater: Falater, of Phoenix, Arizona, was accused of killing his wife. The court concluded that the murder was too complex to be committed while sleepwalking. Falater was convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to life with no possibility of parole.[36] 2001, California v. Reitz: Stephen Reitz killed his lover, Eva Weinfurtner. He told police he had no recollection of the attack but he had "flashbacks" of believing he was in a scuffle with a male intruder. His parents testified in court that he had been a sleepwalker since he was a child but the court did not buy it and convicted Reitz of first-degree murder in 2004. [38] 2008, Brian Thomas was accused of killing his wife while he dreamt she was an intruder, whilst on holiday in West Wales.[39] Thomas was found not guilty.[

Sleepwalking, also known as somnambulism or noctambulism, is a phenomenon of combined sleep and wakefulness.[1] It is classified as a sleep disorder belonging to the parasomnia family.[2] Sleepwalking occurs during slow wave sleep stage in a state of low consciousness and perform activities that are usually performed during a state of full consciousness. These activities can be as benign as sitting up in bed, walking to a bathroom, and cleaning, or as hazardous as cooking, driving,[3] violent gestures, grabbing at hallucinated objects,[4] or even homicide.[5][6][7] Although sleepwalking cases generally consist of simple, repeated behaviours, there are occasionally reports of people performing complex behaviours while asleep, although their legitimacy is often disputed.[8] Sleepwalkers often have little or no memory of the incident, as their consciousness has altered into a state in which it is harder to recall memories. Although their eyes are open, their expression is dim and glazed over.[9] Sleepwalking may last as little as 30 seconds or as long as 30 minutes.[4] Sleepwalking occurs during slow-wave sleep (N3) of non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM sleep) cycles. Sleepwalking typically occurs within the first third of the night when slow wave sleep is most prominent.[9] Usually, if sleepwalking occurs at all, it will only occur once in a night.[4]

Urethritis (Urination Pain)

Your Friendly-Neighborhood Exorcist is just an E-mail away. The guy with no attitude and absolutely zero vested interests. The Real God Man For Good women being trouble by real real evil and diabolic demons. Your Rakhi Brother Can Strike Across Borders. Real Surgical. With Precision and Keen Eye for minute details.

Reptilian humanoids comprise a common motif in mythology, folklore, science fiction, fantasy, conspiracy theories, ufology, and cryptozoology. There're like literally zillions types one subtype only. On Wikipedia Only.

The Dream of the Fisherman's Wife (蛸と海女? Tako to ama, Octopus(es) and shell diver), also known as Girl Diver and Octopuses, Diver and Two Octopuses, etc., is a woodblock-printed design by the Japanese artist Hokusai. It is included in Kinoe no Komatsu (English: Young Pines), a three-volume book of shunga erotica first published in 1814, and has become Hokusai's most famous shunga design. Playing with themes popular in Japanese art, it depicts a young ama diver entwined sexually with a pair of octopuses.The Dream of the Fisherman's Wife (蛸と海女? Tako to ama, Octopus(es) and shell diver), also known as Girl Diver and Octopuses, Diver and Two Octopuses, etc., is a woodblock-printed design by the Japanese artist Hokusai. It is included in Kinoe no Komatsu (English: Young Pines), a three-volume book of shunga erotica first published in 1814, and has become Hokusai's most famous shunga design. Playing with themes popular in Japanese art, it depicts a young ama diver entwined sexually with a pair of octopuses.

Now you've complete freedom: heterogeneous friends -- and, new terrains to explore.

In Greek mythology, Hermaphroditus or Hermaphroditos Listeni/hərˌmæf.rəˈdaɪ.təs/ (Ancient Greek: Ἑρμαφρόδιτος) was the son of Aphrodite and Hermes. According to Ovid, he was born a remarkably handsome boy with whom the water nymph Salmacis fell in love and prayed to be united forever. A god, in answer to her prayer, merged their two forms into one and transformed them into an androgynous form.[1] His name is compounded of his parents' names, Hermes and Aphrodite.[2] He was one of the Erotes. Because he was a son of Hermes, and consequently a great-grandson of Atlas, sometimes he is called Atlantiades (Greek: Ατλαντιάδης).[3] Hermaphroditus' father, Hermes, was also called Atlantiades because his mother, Maia was the daughter of Atlas. His name is the basis for the word hermaphrodite.

Like a Computer with a BackDoor. The Hacker or Script Kiddie erases the Digitial FootPrints. Runs RootKit. Something like that. But you always get that eerie feeling when your computer is behaving really real erractically. Anomalies. But if you're like this from the beginning. He She IT has always been like that. Retard. But maybe not.

Basically a Host: It's his own Mating Calls and all. Multiple-Voluntary or Otherwise Demonic Possessions.

They might have a bias towards either the male or female side -- but that depends -- who's dominant on the Virtual Machine.

Now imagine something like that with all creative and innovate and indigenous permutations and combinations. Both Male and Female are sexually active and participate concurrently.

Reading Activity: Sequential hermaphroditism (called dichogamy in botany) is a type of hermaphroditism that occurs in many fish, gastropoda and plants. Sequential hermaphroditism occurs when the individual changes sex at some point in its life. They can change from a male to female (protandry), or from female to male (protogyny)[1] or from female to hermaphrodite (protogynous hermaphroditism), or from male to hermaphrodite (protandrous hermaphroditism). Those that change gonadal sex can have both female and male germ cells in the gonads or can change from one complete gonadal type to the other during their last life stage.[2] Individual flowers are also called sequentially hermaphrodite, although the plant as a whole may have functionally male and functionally female flowers open at the same time.

Devils Among Mankind? Fully-Functional Humaniod-Devils. And, their so-called Alien Counterparts: EVOLVED Fully-Functional Humaniod Devils. With Technological and Demonological Edge. You Bet. Figure that out eh?

Aab Shola Recipe Video – How to Make Hyderabadi Raw Mango Juice at Home – Very Easy and Simple. My Note: Here, in this VDO this chap says add salt. I won't recommend that. Check it out.

Poetic License

ya ya I'm from Hickory, North Carolina
My kiddo girl has a pet bird
Its name is mynah -- ya ya
Indian myna

My kiddo boy wants to be Top Gun
He says Tomahawk or Cruise
Bruce Wills or Top Cruise
This place is fun -- I don't want this toy gun
Get me the real fun

La Isla Bonito
This is where I love to be.

Karachi To Turkey
Paris To Checniya
I'm an Indian Maharajah
I fly by wire -- cashless Indian Decoy.

Shooting Stars are always by my side
Dawn or the darkest hours of night
The Sword that changed the Times
I'm Blessed with its Shadow and Might.

The Mightiest of All
From this Horizon to that
Is amused at my rut
And, the Taker of Evil Souls and His Bridage
Trying to fathom my audacious case.

He is on my Right.
He is on my Left.
And, Bridages of Seventy-Thousand that Never return
And, Seventy Thousand of those Dreaded Rope Pullers
And, They make me Grin -- Box my Ear Lobe -- and Tap me on my Shouder.

My Journey is Seven Hundred or so on a Desert Ship.
I'm looking for Sheba -- Can you get me that faster than I wink.
No. Not you -- Slow-footed -- Take a seat.
So, where are those Vodoo Mumbo Jumbo Zombies eh?

Poof? Ya OMG
Into Thin Air? No? Ya. Then?
Into Bon Fire ya? OMG.
Bon Voyage. Ya? No Novajo ya? Oh, unfeeling monsters!

Matchstick -- Matchmaker -- me ya? OMG
Dead Unhappy Ever After. ya OMG.
Let it be. Anyway, What's for Brunch, Supper and Dinner eh?
She called and asked me to come over. Cheesse Sandwich and Scrambled Eggs.

By the way . . . . ?
Where To?

Friday, May 19, 2017

International Tea Day is observed annually on December 15. It has been celebrated since 2005 in tea producing countries like Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Vietnam, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Malaysia, Uganda, India and Tanzania.[1] International Tea Day aims to draw global attention of governments and citizens to the impact of the global tea trade on workers and growers, and has been linked to requests for price supports and fair trade.[2][3] After initial discussions at the World Social Forum in 2004, the first International Tea Day was celebrated in New Delhi in 2005,[4] with later celebrations organized in Sri Lanka in 2006 and 2008.[2] International Tea Day celebrations and the related Global Tea Conferences have been jointly organized by trade union movements.[2] In 2015, the Indian government proposed expanding the observance of International Tea Day through the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.[

Tea bags Tea bags Main article: Tea bag In 1907, American tea merchant Thomas Sullivan began distributing samples of his tea in small bags of Chinese silk with a drawstring. Consumers noticed they could simply leave the tea in the bag and reuse it with fresh tea. However, the potential of this distribution/packaging method would not be fully realised until later on. During World War II, tea was rationed in the United Kingdom. In 1953 (after rationing in the UK ended), Tetley launched the tea bag to the UK and it was an immediate success. The "pyramid tea bag" (or sachet) introduced by Lipton[115] and PG Tips/Scottish Blend in 1996,[116] attempts to address one of the connoisseurs' arguments against paper tea bags by way of its three-dimensional tetrahedron shape, which allows more room for tea leaves to expand while steeping.[citation needed] However, some types of pyramid tea bags have been criticised as being environmentally unfriendly, since their synthetic material is not as biodegradable as loose tea leaves and paper tea bags.

According to the FAO in 2007, the largest importer of tea, by weight, was the Russian Federation, followed by the United Kingdom, Pakistan, and the United States.[112] Kenya, China, India and Sri Lanka were the largest exporters of tea in 2007 (with exports of: 374229, 292199, 193459 and 190203 tonnes respectively).[112][113] The largest exporter of black tea is Kenya, with the largest producer, (and consumer) being India.

While a device like the inFORM has relatively few practical applications in its current embodiment, it demonstrates a very simple method of reproducing physical interaction through a virtual interface. It may be just a step towards the goal of creating more robust methods of interaction as we start to blend the digital and real worlds, but it's a very clever and important one. Remote participants in a video conference can be displayed physically, allowing for a strong sense of presence and the ability to interact physically at a distance. — Tangible Media Group The near (or even far) future likely won't bring us teleportation, but we're nevertheless finding more and more ways to bridge the global gap with technology. For all intents and purposes, we actually will soon be able to be in two places at once.

The inFORM, a "dynamic shape display," essentially acts as a pinscreen platform with variable height properties. As you'll see in the video above, a Microsoft Kinect tracks the hands of the user in empty space and represents those movements remotely through the pinscreen. When the user's hands move vertically, the relevant segments of the board ride up. This allows for a duller reproduction of the user's appendages in real time, but nevertheless a reproduction precise enough to pick up and move objects (like a red ball).

We can't be in two places at once, but with virtual touch interfaces we can theoretically use a machine to act as our second body in a remote location. Over at MIT, Daniel Leithinger and Sean Follmer, with the advisement of Hiroshi Ishii, created an interface that makes this possible.

MIT's Remote Touch Interface Lets You Pick Up & Move Objects Through the Internet

The Sorcerer's Nightmare -- A Witch's Dark Fantasy -- In her lair -- with Demon Chaperones -- Too Scared -- or Scarred to....The Whirling Dervish. My Guru is P. C. Sorcar Jr. I was very young when my Brother # 1 took me to him and took me under his Wings and Tutelage. To fight this evil this nefarious menace. I've his sword. I'd sever the witch into two while I make her levitate. Water of India?

So are you Jinxed eh? Three Cities. Hyd-Ban-Mum for now. This is not a fix but get the Modus Operandi. I'm A Whirling Dervish. Shamanic Intution. The Sixth Kind. That Kills. Retaliation. Of course. I never let 'em repent. I can't do so even If I assume presume any discretion. Nope. He's Or They're immobilized by the Divine Stinger / Fangs. It won't kill. Comatose only. I'll be back with next bulletin.

the offspring at one birth of a multiparous animal a litter of puppies

a device (such as a stretcher) for carrying a sick or injured person The wounded soldier was carried to the rear by litter.

trash, wastepaper, or garbage lying scattered about trying to clean up the roadside litter

Not This but for This:

Ragdoll play
\ˈrag-ˌdäl, -ˌdȯl\ or ragdoll
[former trademark]
:  any of a breed of large, blue-eyed domestic cats that have a long, silky coat with a colorpoint pattern and that typically become limp when picked up or held

a stuffed usually painted cloth doll

Beans? Maybe from Beans from BeanBag..Those sitting recling chairs or whatever. If they really have beans in 'em. But in any case Bean Veggie like a Pearl Necklace using a thread...a tailors' needle -- or knitting-needle kiddo sweators' stuff -- Mostly Those Sorcercers' prefer -- ask their clients -- to get personalized this context as well.

Animolies can't be ruled out -- wet nursing of some different kind -- such type of stuff...a adult cat..suckling a bitch..or same kind -- but not related...permutations and combinations -- deviancy is a norm -- no such thing exists in their lexicon -- 

You don't have to understand all this how it was done but it does help you in the long run.

Stillborn -- decapicitated -- rag doll in its stomach -- umbilical cord -- in place three grave marked like some crazy sign -- 

Three Graves: One with Stillborn -- Two with Umbilical Cord -- Three -- Head.

They love cats. We hate dogs.

So cats -- newborns -- unopened eyes -- unleash a feral male cat -- it cannibalises the younglings...

the cat usually moves..but only in a limited space when it thinks it's really moved...

When she has been placed on the litter, an iron nail - any will do - is driven into each finger and toe. This is done by that interesting individual, the jädügar. She, too, is laid with her palms and face resting on the ground Should she feel inclined to return home and torment the living, she will experience no small difficulty in doing so. The nails in her hands and feet will cause her acute pain and she will be unable to stand upright.

Alley Cat is a video game created by Bill Williams and published by Synapse Software for the Atari 8-bit family in 1983, and later as a PC booter and for the IBM PCjr in 1984 by IBM. The player controls "Freddy the Cat," whose objective is to perform certain tasks within the homes of people in order to reach his love, Felicia.[1] Alley Cat was based on a one-screen prototype by John Harris. Harris had become unhappy with the direction that the game was headed in and handed it over to Williams who expanded the basic concept into a finished game.[2]

Policemen jailed for racist dog attack View more sharing options Shares 59 Chris McGreal Friday 30 November 2001 01.54 GMT Four white South African policemen who ordered their dogs to attack black detainees as part of a "training exercise", and videotaped the results, were jailed for four and five years each yesterday. Judge Willie van der Merwe described the assault on three Mozambicans arrested for entering the country illegally as cowardly, brutal and cruel. "They disregarded the human dignity of the three [victims]," he said. "They laughed and treated it as a joke. The three are clearly emotionally scarred and it was obviously intensely traumatic." The policemen had pleaded guilty to charges of aggravated assault. Their relatives shouted in anger as the sentences were announced: "They are crazy!"

'I thought I was about to be gang-raped': Female prison guard 'sexually assaulted by 17 inmates but her supervisors failed to report the attack for 73 DAYS' The woman, who has not been identified, was on duty in December at the Miami-Dade correctional facility in south Florida when she was attacked A prison gate was left open, allowing male inmates to flood into an area where she was trying to get control of a murder suspect She said: 'I was kicked in the vaginal area and groped by several inmates. While I was sexually assaulted... I thought I was about to be gang raped' She claims the attack was only reported in March when she threatened to go to the police on her own

Judicial corporal punishment (JCP) refers to the infliction of corporal punishment as a result of a sentence by a court of law. The punishment can be caning, bastinado, birching, whipping, or strapping. The practice was once commonplace in many countries, but it is no longer practised in any European country, and it has now been abolished in most Western countries, but remains a legal punishment in some Asian, African and Middle Eastern countries.

Military caning: In the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF), a subordinate military court, or the officer in charge of the SAF Detention Barracks, may sentence a serviceman to a maximum of 24 strokes of the cane (10 strokes if the serviceman is below 16)[69] for committing certain military offences or for committing aggravated offences while being detained in the Detention Barracks.[70] In all cases, the caning sentence must be approved by the Armed Forces Council before it can be administered.[71] The minimum age for a serviceman to be sentenced to caning is 16 (now 16.5 de facto, since entry into the SAF is restricted to those above that age).[72] This form of caning is mainly used on recalcitrant teenage conscripts serving full-time National Service in the SAF.[73] Military caning is less severe than its civilian counterpart, and is designed not to cause undue bleeding and leave permanent scars. The offender must be certified by a medical officer to be in a fit condition of health to undergo the punishment[74] and shall wear "protective clothing" as prescribed.[75] The punishment is administered on the buttocks, which are covered by a "protective guard" to prevent cuts.[72] The cane used is no more than 6.35 mm in diameter (about half the thickness of the prison/judicial cane).[76] During the punishment, the offender is secured in a bent-over position to a trestle similar to the one used for judicial/prison canings.

Administration procedure[edit] Caning is, in practice, always ordered in addition to a jail sentence and never as a punishment by itself. It is administered in an enclosed area in the prison out of the view of the public and other inmates. A medical officer and the Superintendent of Prisons are required to be present at every caning session.[33] The offender is not told in advance when he will be caned; he is notified only on the day his sentence is to be carried out.[34] Offenders often undergo a lot of psychological distress as a result of being put into such uncertainty.[27] On the day itself, the medical officer examines him by measuring his blood pressure and other physical conditions to check whether he is medically fit for the caning. If he is certified fit, he proceeds to receive his punishment; if he is certified unfit, he is sent back to the court for the sentence to be remitted or converted to additional time in prison. A prison officer confirms with him the number of strokes he has been sentenced to.[35] In practice, the offender is required to strip completely naked for the caning. Once he has removed his clothes, he is restrained in a large wooden trestle based on the British dual-purpose prison flogging frame. He stands barefooted on the trestle base and bends over a padded horizontal crossbar on one side of the trestle, with the crossbar adjusted to around his waist level. His feet are tied to a lower crossbar on the same side by restraining ankle cuffs made of leather, while his hands are secured to another horizontal crossbar on the other side by wrist cuffs of similar design; his hands can hold on to the crossbar. After he is secured to the trestle in a bent-over position at an angle of close to 90° at the hip, protective padding is tied around his lower back to protect the vulnerable kidney and lower spine area from any strokes that might land off-target.[31][36] The punishment is administered on his bare buttocks.[37] He is not gagged.[31] The caning officer carefully positions himself beside the trestle and takes aim with the cane. The Director of Prisons explained in a 1974 press conference, "Correct positioning is critically important. If he is too near the prisoner, the tip of the cane will fall beyond the buttocks and the force of the stroke will cause the unsupported tip to dip and bend the cane and thus reduce the effect of the stroke. If he is too far, the stroke will only cover part of the buttocks." Strokes are delivered at intervals of about 30 seconds.[26] The caning officer is required to exert as much strength as he can muster for each stroke.[31] The offender receives all the strokes in a single caning session – not in instalments.[38] According to anecdotal evidence, if the sentence involves a large number of strokes (say, six or more), two or more officers will take turns to cane the offender to ensure that the later strokes are as equally forceful as the earlier ones.[39] During the caning, if the medical officer certifies that the offender is not in a fit state of health to undergo the rest of the punishment, the caning must be stopped.[40] The offender will then be sent back to the court for the remaining number of strokes to be remitted or converted to a prison term of no more than 12 months, in addition to the original prison term he was sentenced to.[41]

The cane[edit] A rattan[29] cane no more than 1.27 cm in diameter[30] and about 1.2 m in length is used for judicial and prison canings. It is about twice as thick as the canes used in the school and military contexts. The cane is soaked in water overnight to make it supple and prevent it from splitting and embedding splinters in the wounds.[26] The Prisons Department denies that the cane is soaked in brine, but has said that it is treated with antiseptic before use to prevent infection.[31] A lighter cane is used for juvenile offenders.[32]

Caning is a widely used form of legal corporal punishment in Singapore. It can be divided into several contexts: judicial, prison, reformatory, military, school, and domestic or private. These practices of caning are largely a legacy of, and are influenced by, British colonial rule in Singapore.[1] Similar forms of corporal punishment are also used in some other former British colonies, including two of Singapore's neighbouring countries, Malaysia and Brunei. Of these, judicial caning, for which Singapore is best known, is the most severe. It is reserved for male convicts under the age of 50, for a wide range of offences under the Criminal Procedure Code, and is also used as a disciplinary measure in prisons. Caning is also a legal form of punishment for delinquent servicemen in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) and is conducted in the SAF Detention Barracks. Caning is also used as an official punishment in reform schools. In a milder form, caning is used to punish male students in primary and secondary schools for serious misbehaviour. The government encourages this but does not allow caning for female students, who instead receive alternative forms of punishment such as detention. A much smaller cane or other implement is also used by some parents to punish their children for misbehaving. This is allowed in Singapore but "not encouraged by the government". However, the government mentioned that it considers "the judicious application of corporal punishment in the best interest of the child."[2]

In October 1993, The Straits Times, Singapore's main English-language newspaper, reported that car vandalism in Singapore was on the rise.[4] Cars parked at apartment blocks were being damaged with hot tar, paint remover, red spray paint, and hatchets. Taxi drivers complained that their tires were slashed. In the city center, cars were found with deep scratches and dents. One man complained that he had to refinish his car six times in six months.[4] The police eventually arrested 16-year-old Andy Shiu Chi Ho from Hong Kong. He was not caught vandalizing cars, but was charged with driving his father's car without a license. After questioning Shiu, the police questioned several expatriate students from the Singapore American School, including Fay, and charged them with more than fifty counts of vandalism.[4] Fay pleaded guilty to vandalizing the cars in addition to stealing road signs. He later maintained that he was advised that such a plea would preclude caning and that his confession was false, that he never vandalized any cars, and that the only crime he committed was stealing signs.[5][6] Under the 1966 Vandalism Act, originally passed to curb the spread of political graffiti and which specifically penalized vandalism of government property,[2] Fay was sentenced on March 3, 1994 to four months in jail, a fine of 3,500 Singapore dollars (US$2,214 or £1,514 at the time), and six strokes of the cane.[7] Shiu, who pleaded not guilty, was sentenced to eight months in prison and 12 strokes of the cane.[8] Fay's lawyers appealed, arguing that the Vandalism Act provided caning only for indelible forms of graffiti vandalism, and that the damaged cars had been cheaply restored to their original condition.[

Michael Peter Fay (born May 30, 1975) is a US citizen who was the subject of international attention in 1994 when he was sentenced to six strokes of the cane in Singapore for theft and vandalism at age 18. Although caning is a routine court sentence in Singapore, its unfamiliarity to Americans caused controversy, and Fay's case was believed to be the first caning involving an American citizen.[1] The number of cane strokes in Fay's sentence was ultimately reduced from six to four after U.S. officials requested leniency.

The Armenian language (classical: հայերէն; reformed: հայերեն [hɑjɛˈɾɛn] hayeren) occupies an independent branch of the Indo-European language tree. It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Artsakh. It has historically been spoken throughout the Armenian Highlands and today is widely spoken in the Armenian diaspora. Armenian is written using the Armenian alphabet, introduced in 405 AD by Mesrop Mashtots. Armenian has developed since at least the time of the first Armenian dynasty (the Yervanduni dynasty, founded in the 6th century BC). Hellenistic influences during the Artashesian Dynasty (2nd century BC to 1st century CE) led to word borrowings from Greek and Latin. As the state language of the Arshakuni dynasty of Armenia (1st to 5th century CE) was Parthian, a large portion of Armenian vocabulary has been formed from Parthian borrowings. The earliest extant form of written Armenian is from the 5th century and is known as Classical Armenian (5th to 11th century); translations of the Bible and other religious texts during this period led to extensive word borrowings from Hebrew and Syriac. Middle Armenian (12th to 15th century) began with the establishment of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia in the 12th century and is marked by an increased influence of European languages on Armenian, particularly Old French (which had become the secondary language of the Cilician nobility) and Italian (which had become the secondary language of Cilician commerce). Middle Armenian is the first written form of Armenian to display Western-type voicing qualities. Early Modern Armenian (16th to 18th centuries) is a mix of Middle Armenian and an evolving, non-standardized literary Modern Armenian (in Constantinople, Venice, the Ararat plain, and the Persian Armenian communities, particularly New Julfa). As Armenian communities were spread across a large geographic area during this period, early Modern Armenian was influenced by the languages of host societies, with loan words being borrowed from Arabic, Turkish, Persian, Georgian, Latin, Greek, Italian, French, German, Polish, Hungarian, and Russian. At the turn of the twentieth century, the Armenian linguist Hrachia Acharian identified 31 spoken Armenian dialects and classified them into 3 branches (7 dialects of the "-oom" branch, loosely corresponding to Eastern Armenian dialects; 21 dialects of the "-gu" branch, loosely corresponding to Western Armenian dialects; and 3 dialects of the "-el" branch). The two standard forms of written Modern Armenian – Western Armenian and Eastern Armenian – began to take shape during the early to mid 19th century, with Constantinople in the Ottoman Empire being the center of literary Western Armenian, and Tiflis in the Russian Empire being the center of literary Eastern Armenian. The Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 had a catastrophic impact on the Armenian population living in the Armenian homeland, with two-thirds of the total Armenian population being killed and nearly all of the remaining Armenian population living in the Ottoman Empire being expelled from their ancestral homeland; this had an especially catastrophic effect on the 21 Western Armenian dialects. While some survivors from the western regions of the Ottoman Empire fled as far as the United States, France, and South America, most fled south to Syria, Lebanon, Egypt, Jerusalem, Cyprus, and Iraq, with Beirut becoming the new center of literary Western Armenian. With the migration of survivors from eastern regions of the Ottoman Empire to the Russian Empire, the emergence of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1922, and the migration of Armenian intellectuals of Tiflis to the new Republic, Yerevan became the new center of literary Eastern Armenian. Under Soviet rule, Eastern Armenian began to be heavily influenced by the Russian language, resulting in a large number of borrowings of not only technical words and neologisms, but also everyday words. Western Armenian, on the other hand, followed a more purist course, with writers and educational establishments making a conscious effort to use the Armenian counterparts of recent word borrowings from Turkish and Arabic. Various spelling reforms implemented in Soviet Armenia in the 1920s led to a further divide between the literary Eastern and literary Western Armenian languages, with the latter (and Eastern Armenian writers of Iran) continuing to use traditional Armenian orthography. Thus, today the two modern dialects of Armenian differ in their phonology, morphology, vocabulary, and orthography.

Armenian is the only official language. The main foreign languages that Armenians know are Russian and English. Due to its Soviet past, most of the population can speak Russian quite well. According to a 2013 survey, 95% of Armenians said they had some knowledge of Russian (24% advanced, 59% intermediate) compared to 40% who said they knew some English (4% advanced, 16% intermediate and 20% beginner). However, more adults (50%) think that English should be taught in public secondary schools than those who prefer Russian (44%)

Armenia is a landlocked country in the geopolitical Transcaucasus (South Caucasus) region, that is located in the Southern Caucasus Mountains and their lowlands between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea, and northeast of the Armenian Highlands. Armenia is bordered on the north by Georgia, the east by Azerbaijan; the south by Iran; and the southwest and west by Turkey. Armenia lies between latitudes 38° and 42° N, and meridians 43° and 47° E.

Tylor and Frazer, the primary anthropologists associated with the intellectualist interpretation of "magic".

Intellectualist approach[edit] The intellectualist approach to defining "magic" is associated with two prominent British anthropologists, Edward Tylor and James G. Frazer.[13] This was an approach that viewed "magic" as being the theoretical opposite of science,[14] which came to preoccupy much anthropological thought on the subject.[15]

In his 1871 book Primitive Culture, Tylor characterized magic as beliefs based on "the error of mistaking ideal analogy for real analogy".[16] In Tylor's view, "primitive man, having come to associate in thought those things which he found by experience to be connected in fact, proceeded erroneously to invert this action, and to conclude that association in thought must involve similar connection in reality. He thus attempted to discover, to foretell, and to cause events by means of processes which we can now see to have only an ideal significance".[17]

Tylor's ideas were adopted and simplified by Frazer.[17] He used the term "magic" to mean sympathetic magic, describing it as a practice relying on the magician's belief "that things act on each other at a distance through a secret sympathy", something which he described as "an invisible ether".[17] He further divided this "magic" into two forms, the "homeopathic (imitative, mimetic)" and the "contagious".[17][18] Frazer characterized a belief in "magic" as a major stage in humanity's cultural development, describing it as part of a tripartite division in which magic came first, "religion" came second, and eventually "science" came third.[17]

Others, such as N. W. Thomas[19] and Sigmund Freud have rejected this explanation. Freud explains that "the associated theory of magic merely explains the paths along which magic proceeds; it does not explain its true essence, namely the misunderstanding which leads it to replace the laws of nature by psychological ones".[20]:83 Freud emphasizes that what led primitive men to come up with magic is the power of wishes: "His wishes are accompanied by a motor impulse, the will, which is later destined to alter the whole face of the earth in order to satisfy his wishes. This motor impulse is at first employed to give a representation of the satisfying situation in such a way that it becomes possible to experience the satisfaction by means of what might be described as motor hallucinations. This kind of representation of a satisfied wish is quite comparable to children's play, which succeeds their earlier purely sensory technique of satisfaction. [...] As time goes on, the psychological accent shifts from the motives for the magical act on to the measures by which it is carried out—that is, on to the act itself. [...] It thus comes to appear as though it is the magical act itself which, owing to its similarity with the desired result, alone determines the occurrence of that result.

Chandamama -Door Key -- Dora Dara -- Sara Laura -- Hip Hip Hurray -- Dharm Sankt Catch - 22 The Snake Catcher Naiyyer Masud

Hey, Chandu -- Watch Your Broom StUCK.

Like Prophet Moses Peace Be Upon Him --  I fight The New Age Pharoahs and their Sorcercers and their Satanic Cults and Clans.

None has the right to be worshipped but He. The Ever Living -- The One Who Sustains and Protects all that exists.

Lord of Mankind, Jinn and All That Exists.

The Exalted -- The Almighty -- and, The Wise.

The Noble Sword of Prophet Mohammad. Peace and Blessings of Allaah Be Upon Him.

I'm Salaf.

koi shak?

Thursday, May 18, 2017

Miss Jennifer Simmons[edit] Aka Demon Jenny, Edwina Scissorhands, Baarish-Shammon, She Who Stalks By Night Possession: Jenny was possessed by a demon which claims that she is dead. Ravne insists that she is still alive but may be insane. Paranormal Historian, Q Department (sold; formerly British Government Ministry of Defence) Recently revealed that she is pregnant with Ravne's child Is now the target of several different occult factions of the British Government, who have decided that her imminent child is potentially too dangerous to let live

performed by or suited to a person who works or writes purely for the purpose of earning money : characteristic of a hack : mediocre hack writing 3 : hackneyed, trite hack dramatic scenes

a person who works solely for mercenary reasons : hireling party hacks

The first antivenom for snakes (called an anti-ophidic serum) was developed by Albert Calmette, a French scientist of the Pasteur Institute working at its Indochine branch in 1895, against the Indian Cobra (Naja naja). In 1901, Vital Brazil, working at the Instituto Butantan in São Paulo, Brazil, developed the first monovalent and polyvalent antivenoms for Central and South American Crotalus and Bothrops genera, as well as for certain species of venomous spiders, scorpions, and frogs.[citation needed] In Australia, the Commonwealth Serum Laboratories (CSL) began antivenom research in the 1920s. CSL has developed antivenoms for the redback spider, funnel-web spiders and all deadly Australian snakes.[

offering only limited display or disclosure especially of a teasing sort peekaboo publicity

Peek-A-Boo? Eh? Old Boy: A 2003 Korean Film. Check this out folks. I saw it in Abu Dhabi.

Secondly, The names of Allaah are all husnaa [Most Beautiful], as He says (interpretation of the meaning): “And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do.” [al-A’raaf 7:180]

to talk about God or religion in a way that does not show respect

people who have blasphemed against God people who have blasphemed God

to speak of or address with irreverence punished for having blasphemed God

blaspheme: to speak in a way that shows irreverence for God or something sacred : to utter blasphemy blaspheming against God refuses to blaspheme

So here it is. . . The NO CUSSING Challenge! I won't cuss, swear, use bad language, or tell dirty jokes. Clean language is a sign of intelligence and always demands respect. I will use my language to uplift, encourage and motivate. I will Leave People Better Than I Found Them!

Take the NO CUSSING Challenge Changing the World One Word at a Time! The words we use affect how we feel about ourselves, how others react to us and how others feel about themselves. Our words truly shape our world. Thousands of people have taken this challenge and told us about the positive affect it has had in their lives.

Amistad is a 1997 American historical drama film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the true story of the 1839 mutiny aboard the slave ship La Amistad, during which Mende tribesmen abducted for the slave trade managed to gain control of their captors' ship off the coast of Cuba, and the international legal battle that followed their capture by a U.S. revenue cutter. The case was ultimately resolved by the Supreme Court in 1841. Morgan Freeman, Nigel Hawthorne, Anthony Hopkins, Djimon Hounsou, and Matthew McConaughey had starring roles. David Franzoni's screenplay was based on the book Mutiny on the Amistad: The Saga of a Slave Revolt and Its Impact on American Abolition, Law, and Diplomacy (1987), by the historian Howard Jones.

Pippa was a "pocket-sized" fashion doll, like Polly Pocket, offered by British toymaker Palitoy between 1972 and 1980. She was a 6.5 inch fashion doll with numerous friends, fashions, an apartment, a car, even her own hair salon. Similar to Topper's Dawn doll, Pippa was marketed as "the pocket money fashion doll that puts fashion in your pocket". The dolls small stature also meant that production costs were lower than competitors such as Sindy and Barbie. The Pippa doll had lots of different fashionable clothing pieces, including miniskirts, minidresses and top and bottom combos. There were also more regal, formal dresses, and outfits relating to different jobs. Employing subtle makeover techniques and fashion variations, Palitoy was able to produce over 30 different Pippa and Friends by using only 3 head molds, different coloured vinyls and hair styles. Pippa's first three friends launched in 1972 were Marie, Tammie and Britt. To reflect Britains increasingly diverse ethnic population Pippa later had an Asian friend named Jasmine and a black friend named Mandy. More friends like Gail, Emma, Rosemary and Penny and a boyfriend Pete were also added to the line.

However, as the sixth Disney Princess and the franchise's first non-white member, the character is credited with introducing racial diversity to Disney's princess genre, although she has at the same time been criticized for being Westernized and Anglicized in both appearance and demeanor. Jasmine has made subsequent appearances in Aladdin's sequels The Return of Jafar (1994) and Aladdin and the King of Thieves (1996), as well as its television series and a Broadway musical adaption of the film. Both Larkin and Salonga have been awarded Disney Legends for their contributions to the role.

Iran Bans Barbies; Disgruntled Little Girl Calls Replacement Dolls 'Ugly and Fat' FRIDAY, JANUARY 20, 2012 AT 4:31 P.M.

Iran Bans Barbies; Disgruntled Little Girl Calls Replacement Dolls 'Ugly and Fat' FRIDAY, JANUARY 20, 2012 AT 4:31 P.M.

To the educated professional medical establishment of 18th century Great Britain, bone-setters were seen as ‘Quacks’, such as the famous Sarah Mapp (d.1737), also known as ‘Crazy Sally’. “In most cases her success was rather due to the strength of her arms, and the boldness of her undertakings, than any knowledge of anatomy or skill of surgical operations”.8 Popular culture reinforced this idea. Her portrait was characterised by George Cruickshank (1792–1878) in ‘Portrait of Sarah “Crazy Sally” Mapp Bone-Setter’ and by William Hogarth (1697–1764) in his etching ‘The Company of Undertakers (Consultation of Quacks)’ (Fig. 1⇓), as well as in a comedy play by Charles Johnson (1679–1748), The Husband’s Relief; or The Female Bonesetter and the Worm Doctor.7 These negative perceptions were reinforced by the Apothecaries Act of 1815, which compelled surgeons to study similar courses to physicians, and led to the establishment of the medical registry in 1858. This resulted in some bonesetters being absorbed into the medical profession and interest in bone and joint surgery was encouraged, with the development of the instruments of the bone-setters into formal surgical tools.

Fig. 2a, Fig. 2b, Fig. 2c, Fig. 2d, Fig. 2e A photograph showing a) nickel-plate bone cutters (c1920), b) the flat tenon saw and c) the bow saw from Collis (c1880), d) the two basic amputation knives of the 18th century (Arnold and Son, c1875), e) the Aitken chain saw (c1785). All by courtesy of Mr J. Kirkup of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

In Japan, bone-setting is known as sekkotsu. In China, it is known as die-da, and is practiced by martial artists.

Dial this # -- It's not toll free -- but you'd go scot–free -- solve any murder mystery: Kismet Connexion. Pay Per Question.

Sonam Kapoor is Print preview -- ya she's Miss WYSIWYG -- pronounced "wiz-ee-wig" eh? Even on Chinese Dual-SIM Phones huh? Eureka. Bingo. Yahoo!

Sonam Kapoor is Print preview -- ya she's Miss WYSIWYG -- pronounced "wiz-ee-wig" is a semi-formal acronym for "what you see is what you get" of that promised houri: one of the beautiful maidens that in Muslim belief live with the blessed in paradise.

Psst. Hint, hint: On the IBM Model F keyboard, the key is labeled PrtSc and is located under the Enter key. On the IBM Model M, it is located next to the F12 key and is labeled Print Screen.

Hit it.

Leave a good looking corpse behind voluntarily or opt for assited-suicide -- sorry, die young part comes first. 

Virtual Reality. Afterlife.

Eternal Bliss.

Don't think twice -- as if you're entitled for any discretion, prerogative or opt-out option of sorts. Yep. Abject Choas. Burning Giagantic Coal on a pygymy shrew. Ew. Animal Cruelty. Ya, Then What? Extra-Judicial Pest Control. E-mail Anonoymously. Cashless Transaction. Missing in Action. Last seen at Convocation ya? OMG. Alien Abduction maybe -- ya ya you can't strike that out -- ya rule that out -- This is not my domain nor my jurisdiction -- Consult a UFOlogist. Did you see those YouTube homemade flicks and snapshots of really real gory footage. Parental Discretion ya? No Ban Outright. Hush: Ya..They do all sort of experiments on you -- ya -- Nazi Concentration Camps horrors like Cartoon Strips ya -- Like Hippo with One Billion Monstrous Tentacles -- Could we earthlings fathom something like that -- inCONCEIVEable right -- then what? Something totally wacky weird outlandish ya see -- what happened? Are you alright? Flying Saucers ya -- Not Sorcercers -- silly -- Daemon's POW Flashbacks ya that sort of PostTraumatic Distress -- Did you see Taken Movie -- Its sequel too ya -- ya I see one of many reptiles that lived on Earth millions of years ago? You know who're they eh? Dinosaur? Jurrasic Park? Life after Dark no damn you Freak. So in a nutshell: They cringing under their giant bunker beds. Ya..Breathless as if bearbugging a polar bear. Ya. Hey, isn't this tatoo cute? Chokdee. Choke. Pearl Choker. Choked to death. Strangulated. Charred to death. Nope. Nope. Nope. Idiot. Hello?

Distorted face oh blurred vision -- Nope, it's not arsenic poisoning -- it's your Virtual Reality Headset. Conked out. Snag. Glitch eh? Did you get this from fleece market? Not fleas. What fleas magotts eh? Moron. Retard. Zombie. For instance: Consider this chunk of sound bite: Learning how to shear the fleece off a sheep. Gotcha ya? Try this: The program has a few gotchas in store for unsuspecting computer users. Gotcha ya? Here we go again for the third and last time: an unexpected problem or usually unpleasant surprise. What's my signature tune at the end of this mouthful? Hello? 

Virtual reality in telerehabilitation is a method used first in the training of musculoskeletal patients using asynchronous patient data uploading, and an internet video link. Subsequently, therapists using virtual reality-based telerehabilitation prescribe exercise routines via the web which are then accessed and executed by patients through a web browser. Therapists then monitor the patient's progress via the web and modify the therapy asynchronously without real-time interaction or training.

DisemBARKation card: Destination Port: Hell Gate Via Heavens' Lake. Seat #: 13. Feedback: Bumpy ride. 

Fasten Your Electric Chair Belt. Yep. Sorry about that -- but that's mandatory. Now, I'm going to show your how to harness and unleash the power of lightning.

My name is The Whirling Dervish. My job: Medium. I'm sorry: Supreme Torment in the grave. I'd waive off Tea shack charges. See you real soon. Novajo. Spread the word -- ya Word of mouth -- Like Jungle Fire. Free of cost. Kismet Connexion. Sundays closed. Shamanic Intution. Bad omens. Jinxed or otherwise. Ask me three questions -- if you aren't still convinced or satisfied. Money-back and all. Nope. I'm not a charlatan. See, no parakeet. Then what? Yep. I'm online but I keep a really real low profile. Selected few. One on One Intensive sessions. Not unlimited concurrent connexions -- anymore. B2B. Nope. Read FAQ first. Ya scroll down to Scrouge..ya..No No..Search for Locked in Panic Room. Incommunicado. No water. No food. 

A humane future for Kolkata's rickshaw pullers? The West Bengal government wants to replace hand-pulled rickshaws with battery-operated ones. But the rickshaw pullers are apprehensive that they will lose their livelihood

Anachronistic symbol Kolkata's emblematic two-wheeled contraption has been a long-standing symbol of oppression and has often been used to depict wretchedness, as in Bimal Roy's Do Bigha Zameen, a film that dealt with the disturbing state of poverty in new, independent India. The 1992 Om Puri starrer, City Of Joy, too recalled the travails of a rickshaw puller's life. But despite the negative portrayal in films and literature, even as the city has changed its skyline, the rickshaw has continued to trundle along the lanes.

Man power to battery power? It is not yet clear what will be the replacement. Muktar Ali, vice-president of the All Bengal Rickshaw Union, says that a two-seat, battery-operated carrier will be the probable replacement and hopes it will ensure better business. "Earlier the pullers earned Rs 100-150 per day on average," says Muktar Ali. "Now they may earn Rs 300 because the substitute would run faster. A new, faster model would mean more passengers per day."

Strangely, there isn't much cheer in the puller community. Mansoor Ali is a septuagenarian and has been plying the streets for almost 50 years after he came from Bihar and made a slum near Mullick Bazar his home. "Gaon mein log bolte thay, Calcutta bada seher hain, wahan kuch na kuch kaam mil jayega (People back home used to say that Calcutta was a big city where you could get some job or the other)." He did not have the money to buy his own rickshaw, so he rented one to earn a living. Isn't he relieved that he will no longer have the back-breaking task of pulling his customers through narrow lanes? "Do you think it is possible for a 70-year-old man at the end of his life to get trained to drive a battery-operated vehicle?" he counters, at once underlining the enormity of the task at hand for the government.

Let go of me, you brute! Okay, Miss Blatant Attitude. Novajo. I'm going for a ciggy. I'll be right back. Miss Voodoo. Ya, What? Balcony? Smoke Detectors eh?

Miss Shailene Woodley is No One Else but our next door Mudflap Girl. Of course, not necessarily in that posture.
Leta Laroe:
A next-door neighbor type of girl with demure
She gives you this seriously-annoying nostalgia. 
She makes you reminisce those gnawning moments of dissents and rebellions quelled with brutish and harsh measures.
Subdued defiance of an would-be anarchist.
A sacred song or poem -- Book of Psalms 
Like how some naive birdie preens its feathers oblivious of everything around her.
I believe -- she's to be ambidextrous: Sheer razor-sharp mental agility of someone with an innate aptitude for multiple and diverse talents. 
A polymath -- polymathic -- raw tolerable arrogance and I-don't-give-a-damn what if they think I've loud pride. At least, I'm not noisy. End of Interview. Thank you.

We always believe Talismans are inanimate objects of reverence or so -- but this girl is so you know -- like so sparkling lava-hot intense awe. So, now I know why they do that thing: -- obeisance.

Jesus is real. Here's my resignation. Goodbye, NASA.

Here I come My Shooting Star. My Nova. My Diva.

Twinkly eyes or apprehensions of a Bride-To-Be.

Yep. Behead me for heresy. My Destiny.

Believer's El Dorado on The Planet Earth. Er That Houri poof disappeared. Remorse is a vital sign of weak faith.

No soul mates yep -- do people still believe in that Greek myth? Someone once told me poison has tangy taste.

In a nutshell: Miss Shailene Woodley is: The Fall of Icarus -- My first clumsy copycat of Henri Matisse: drawing with scissors.

Pictorial maunderings of a A Whirling Dervish -- dazzlingly bright cutouts -- Glow-in-the-dark -- exquisite papers -- deligently handmade -- 

She snatched it so menacingly that kaleidoscope -- a make-believe souvenir -- this scar is the deep unhealed wound of my soul -- colored glass pieces like vengeful sharpnels cuts -- I picked up at her doorsteps....


Depressed? Really real?

Yep, Mentor.

Look there: She comes again

And, Archangel too -- with this divine elixir of all earthly ailments i.e. a washproof Band–Aid -- a tourniquet? Ya, Then What?

Chorus: Celestial Hierarcy of Angels: LOL
I exorcize demons from young priestess and princesses -- siroccos guffaw when I grin and chuckle -- these knocking spirits are poltergeists and goblins are mere wingless dust devils -- Indrajala and Indradhanush -- I'm Lava -- And, I'm Kusha -- O Tulsidas and Ramcharitmanas -- Ya I play this flute by Tamas -- Glories of Suns rise from my Throne? O Mukut? -- Vetala Panchavimshati? Ya ya I heard that rumor too that I gave a boon to Vikramaditya -- vamachari ya that  tantric sorcerer or whatever begged me for be to be forbearing and lenient --  vetala celestial spirit eh? Pishacha ya got it now -- save my face or statemate? That's correct and quite true -- I remember that vividly -- ya ya you'd come down from the tree -- don't shiever and tremble -- cringe with dread and fear -- No No Not those -- these are only my playmates ya ya tigers -- no no no lightning thunders -- Those Primates won't hurt you -- don't shriek you freak -- O Vanar Sena ya -- Ya ya Whatever keep quiet --Don't wail and beg for life -- shrap? Narkh? Ghor paap? Go away you moron -- Jungle Menace -- 

Vishwamitra is my Guru -- Never heard of Parashurama -- This is my Holy Land: Janaka and Ayodhya -- Yes Of Couse You could ask:  Vishnu, Brahma and all Devas -- Yes Yes If You could go all the way to Mithila.

Ramayana and Mahabharata ya? O Sanskrit Itihasa ya? But this is just my Slate -- And, I was looking for my lost chalk -- getting late for Ashram -- Ya Ya You can come again --

Tuesday, May 16, 2017

The Spectacle of Skill: New and Selected Writings of Robert Hughes

I am completely an elitist, in the cultural but emphatically not the social sense. I prefer the good to the bad, the articulate to the mumbling, the aesthetically developed to the merely primitive, and full to partial consciousness. I love the spectacle of skill, whether it’s an expert gardener at work, or a good carpenter chopping dovetails . . . I don’t think stupid or ill-read people are as good to be with as wise and fully literate ones. I would rather watch a great tennis player than a mediocre one . . . Consequently, most of the human race doesn’t matter much to me, outside the normal and necessary frame of courtesy and the obligation to respect human rights. I see no reason to squirm around apologizing for this. I am, after all, a cultural critic, and my main job is to distinguish the good from the second-rate.”

The Amazonian Guard (also "the Amazons") was an unofficial name given by Western journalists to an all-female elite cadre of bodyguards officially known as الراهبات الثوريات (al-rāhibāt al-thawriyyāt) "The Revolutionary Nuns", tasked with protecting the late, former leader of Libya, Muammar Gaddafi.[

Muammar Gaddafi, the deposed leader of Libya, was captured and killed on 20 October 2011 during the Battle of Sirte. Gaddafi was found hiding in a culvert west of Sirte and captured by National Transitional Council forces. He was killed shortly afterwards. The NTC initially claimed he died from injuries sustained in a firefight when loyalist forces attempted to free him, although videos of his last moments show rebel fighters beating him and one of them sodomizing him with a bayonet[2] before he was shot several times as he shouted for his life.[

Saddam was hanged on the first day of Eid ul-Adha, 30 December 2006, despite his wish to be shot (which he felt would be more dignified).[112] The execution was carried out at Camp Justice, an Iraqi army base in Kadhimiya, a neighborhood of northeast Baghdad. Video of the execution was recorded on a mobile phone and his captors could be heard insulting Saddam. The video was leaked to electronic media and posted on the Internet within hours, becoming the subject of global controversy.[113] It was later claimed by the head guard at the tomb where his remains lay that Saddam's body had been stabbed six times after the execution.

An admonitory declaration issued from the Iraqi government in order to warn Iranian troops in the Iran-Iraq war. The statement says: "Hey Iranians! No one has been downtrodden in the country where Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib, Husayn ibn Ali and Abbas ibn Ali are buried. Iraq has undoubtedly been an honorable country. All refugees are precious. Anyone who wants to live in exile can choose Iraq freely. We, the Sons of Iraq, have been ambushing foreign aggressors. The enemies who plan to assault Iraq will be disfavored by God in this world and the hereafter. Be careful of attacking Iraq and Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib! If you surrender, you might be in peace."
The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq lasting from 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, to August 1988. The war followed a long history of border disputes, and was motivated by fears that the Iranian Revolution in 1979 would inspire insurgency among Iraq's long-suppressed Shi'ite majority, as well as Iraq's desire to replace Iran as the dominant Persian Gulf state.

Although Iraq hoped to take advantage of Iran's revolutionary chaos and attacked without formal warning, it made only limited progress into Iran and was quickly repelled; Iran regained virtually all lost territory by June 1982. For the next six years, Iran was on the offensive.[43]

The conflict has been compared to World War I in terms of the tactics used, including large-scale trench warfare with barbed wire stretched across trenches, manned machine gun posts, bayonet charges, "human wave attacks", and extensive use of chemical weapons by Iraq, and later deliberate attacks on civilian targets. The world powers United States and the Soviet Union, together with many Western and Arab countries, provided support for Iraq, while Iran was largely isolated. After eight years of war, war-weariness, lack of international sympathy as Iraq was targeting Iranian civilians with weapons of mass destruction, and increasing tension between Iran and United States eventually led to a UN-brokered ceasefire.

Half a million Iraqi and Iranian soldiers, with an equivalent number of civilians, are believed to have died, with many more injured; however, the war brought neither reparations nor changes in borders. A number of proxy forces participated in the war, most notably the Iranian People's Mujahedin of Iran siding with Ba'athist Iraq and Iraqi Kurdish militias of the Kurdistan Democratic Party and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan siding with Iran—all suffering a major blow by the end of the conflict.


The stories of rape, torture and murder coming out of Kuwait read like an anthology of Iraqi insanity. But there was a logic at work: Iraq's occupation forces intended to erase the conquered nation's identity, and they meant to do it fast. Blotting out the word "Kuwait" on road signs was one tactic; ripping off the fingernails of people displaying the emir's picture was another. At one point the Iraqis brought a new mother before captured Kuwaiti resistance fighters and stripped her naked. "Here is the milk of Kuwait," they taunted. "Drink it." Eventually the Iraqis dumped the woman back home, alive. It was enough to humiliate the essence of the Kuwaiti spirit.

A bullet through the mouth or the back of the head was in some cases the kindest Iraqi punishment. The bodies regularly unloaded at Kuwait City's four major medical centers included victims with ax wounds, holes drilled through their kneecaps or intestines inflated with air. At Mubarak Hospital, the country's largest, doctors received victims burned by acid, with ears cut off and eyes gouged out. Torturers beat one woman, shot her three times in the chest and neatly sawed off her skull, exposing her brain. A gynecologist at the hospital, accused of poisoning Iraqi soldiers, had his fingernails torn out and his body burned with cigarettes before death. "They are psychopaths," Kalid Shalawi, acting chief of the hospital's medical section, told The Washington Post. Allied legal teams began the difficult job of compiling the full record from families who had tried to stay out of sight. "It was hell, it was horrible," said Seham al-Mutwaa, nursing director at Mubarak. "We were like rats in a trap, hiding while they stole and killed and raped."

The Iraqi terror was selective to some extent. The elite Republican Guard who spearheaded the invasion behaved with professional soldiers' discipline. Torture centers sprang up under the control of 7,000 agents of Iraq's Mukhabarat ("information gatherers"), who saved their most severe methods for resistance suspects. The worst brutality came early in the occupation. The Iraqis killed so many young men, Kuwaiti Maj. Abdulrahman Hadhood told the Post, that bodies were taken to a skating rink for short-term preservation. As the Iraqis sensed the war turning against them, they seemed to become more cautious. "They wouldn't come into the houses anymore," said Mrs. Suad al-Musallam in Kuwait City. "We could already see defeat in their eyes." Then in the final week the Iraqis abducted Kuwaiti hostages--5,000 by most preliminary estimates--possibly to use as bargaining chips in negotiations with the allies.

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Random violence was not the absolute rule. Kuwaiti doctors, for example, denied rumors that in the first weeks of occupation the Iraqis took premature babies out of incubators and left them to die. Nonetheless, poorly trained Iraqi conscripts and volunteers of the People's Army militia often behaved without restraint. Their treatment of women was particularly outrageous under Islamic law. Even in Beirut, guerrilla street fighters rarely targeted women. But in Kuwait, Iraqi soldiers raped at will. Their victims included Filipino housemaids as well as Kuwaiti women. Samia al-Husallam, a medical student, said she was dumping her garbage when she discovered the nude body of a young Kuwaiti woman stuffed in a basket--apparently the victim of a gang rape.

The occupiers looted Kuwait as a matter of policy, reasoning that the wealth of the 19th province was needed elsewhere in greater Iraq. At least one Kuwaiti hotel served as a depot for troops foraging through homes. The Iraqis "would sleep during the day and work at night [gathering television sets and appliances]," said a Filipino who worked at the Sheraton. "They were nice to us, and said if they didn't steal these things they would be shot." Army trucks carted away printing presses, street lamps, college libraries and museum artifacts. "It brings us back 400 or 500 years," said Suleiman al-Shaheen, a Kuwaiti foreign-affairs official. "Back to when tribes pillaged each other because one had more than the other."

Iraqi soldiers also took the opportunity for some personal bargain-hunting. "They took everything," said a Kuwaiti housewife: "televisions, radios, food, even dog food." The hunt for anti-Saddam activists was one opportunity for profit. When 23-year-old Kuwaiti student Faisal Abdulhadi was thrown in jail, he said, his family paid two videocassette recorders, two televisions and 3,000 Iraqi dinars for his release. A member of the Kuwaiti ruling family, Sheikh Badr Abdullah Mohammed al-Sabah, 30, said he promised gold and jewelry to the Iraqis after they took him to Baghdad for interrogation; he escaped from the bus that was taking him back to Kuwait to deliver the treasure.

Saddam left the Kuwaitis plenty to remember him by. The occupiers set 600 of the country's 950 oil wells ablaze, a smoky inferno that created dusk at noon in Kuwait, dimmed the sun from Dhahran to central Iran and threatened what a gulf oilman called "a minor-league version of a nuclear winter." Much of Kuwait lacked electricity, plentiful water and telephone service. The capital escaped the ravages of house-to-house fighting, but the Iraqis destroyed hotels, government buildings and the parliament. Large sections of the ruling al-Sabah family's Dasman Palace had been demolished, its marble floors soiled with human excrement. On the palace grounds, mounds of smoldering documents testified to Iraq's determination to destroy all evidence of official Kuwait.

It was in character for mercantile Kuwaitis and their American liberators to see opportunity in the ashes. A senior U.S. military official pointed out that while damage to the oil industry was severe, the airport was functional, backup electrical generators were available and roads and the water system were basically in good shape. "The bottom line is that damage is not as extensive as had been thought," he said. The U.S. 352nd Civil Affairs Command--a reserve of lawyers, engineers and administrators--began putting together a first-phase rebuilding plan in December. It provided for 15,000 tons a month of rice and other food; seaborne tankers of water; U.S. military health care--and even a public-relations campaign touting a "new," "selfreliant" Kuwait grounded in "Arab/Islam values." The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers had a $46 million contract to organize the first phase of what may be a $100 billion national reconstruction program.

Kuwait's labor force will undergo reconstruction, too. Of the 2.1 million people in the country before the invasion, only 600,000 were native Kuwaitis; most others were outside contract workers turning the wheels that created the country's wealth. More than 400,000 of these were Palestinians, some of whom apparently collaborated with the Iraqis and may now become targets of Kuwaiti reprisals. In the future, Kuwaiti planners have decided, the country must rely less on immigrant workers and more on labor-efficient computers and robotics. The U.S. blueprint foresaw the new Kuwait starting off with a population of 800,000, and the Kuwaitis were determined to go high tech. "This is a godsent opportunity to upgrade and modernize our whole system," said Abdul Latif al-Hamad, the former finance minister. "This is our chance."

First the country had to recover from the trauma of the Iraqi invasion. About half of all Kuwaitis fled abroad to escape the occupiers, and government leaders (also in exile) urged them to stay out for at least three months, until computerized records confirming their nationality can be restored. The plan then is to readmit citizens at a rate of no more than 10,000 a week. The emir declared three months of martial law. But he also promised elections to reconstitute the National Assembly, which he had dissolved in 1986 after it criticized his policies.

Most Kuwaitis agreed that the emir should stay in power. But there were splits between those who supported and those who opposed the 1986 Parliament; between those who wanted more democracy and those who favored tradition, and not least of all between those who fled the Iraqi occupation and those who survived it. "The Kuwaitis today, especially the ones who stayed, are different from the Kuwaitis of Aug. 2," said shipyard director Mousa Marafi, who escaped to London. "The ones who stayed, they are the ones who should have the right to say something of the future of Kuwait."

The Kuwaitis who stayed were also potential legal witnesses to Iraq's atrocities. Saudi Arabia already has funneled some Iraqis arrested as spies into its harsh judicial system as war criminals, said a Western diplomat in Riyadh, "I really doubt they'll see the next hajj," he added. But given the continued freedom of Saddam and his generals, U.S. officials saw little purpose in war-crimes trials to punish the colonels and lieutenants in custody. Washington did intend to demand Iraqi war reparations, however. In one U.S. scheme, a United Nations committee could collect revenues from Iraqi oil sales, give Iraq a modest profit and distribute the rest to various claimants--Kuwait above all. Saddam can never repay Kuwait for its agony and its losses. But Kuwaitis would like to make him try.

Everyone has noises that make them squirm and bury their ears beneath their hands. But which sound is the absolute worst of the worst? Researchers at Newcastle University are using fMRI technology to figure out which sounds our brains hate the most. Researchers at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at UCL and Newcastle University used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine the activity of the amygdala, which processes emotional reactions, and the auditory in response to 74 different sounds. The pool of auditorily tormented volunteers wasn't very large—just 13 volunteers listened to the more and less annoying sounds—but by using fMRI technology that looks at the brain's reaction to sounds, the researchers believe they can gain greater insight into medical conditions that cause decreased sound tolerance, such as hyperacusis, misophonia, and autism. Here were the sounds of the 74 that the volunteers found most unpleasant: 1. Knife on a bottle 2. Fork on a glass 3. Chalk on a blackboard 4. Ruler on a bottle 5. Nails on a blackboard 6. Female scream 7. Anglegrinder 8. Brakes on a cycle squealing 9. Baby crying 10. Electric drill Sounds in the 2,000 to 5,000 Hz range were found to be the most unpleasant. These were the least unpleasant noises: 1. Applause 2. Baby laughing 3. Thunder 4. Water flowing Photo credit: Yuri Arcurs/Shutterstock Nasty noises: Why do we recoil at unpleasant sounds? [Newcastle University via Geekosystem]

The 11 Worst Sounds in the World

Scientists agree that unpleasant sounds fall into two distinct categories: first, annoying sounds like incessant car alarms and snoring, because they are intrusive and disrupt our thought process (or sleep). And second, noises that trigger an immediate negative visceral reaction, like nails on a chalkboard or squeaking Styrofoam. The items below are ranked in order of “cringe-worthiness” according to an ongoing study by Professor Trevor Cox of Britain’s Salford University.

1. Vomiting
Maybe it was the additional sound effects touch of canned baked beans plopping into a bucket that made the gagging and retching sound number one on the list (skeptics have stated that in this case it’s not the actual sound, but rather the mental picture, that disgusts listeners), but I must state that I simply cannot be within earshot of a puking person, otherwise my own gag reflex involuntarily gets triggered.

(For the cast-iron stomached among you, here’s the sound clip used in the test.)

2. Microphone Feedback
As a rule, this one often is physically painful, so I’m not surprised it placed so high on the list.

3. Baby Crying

Interestingly enough, when Prof. Cox broke down the results of the responses into different demographic groups, it was the male contingent that boosted the sound of a baby’s wailing into the number three spot. That’s not to say that women aren’t equally upset by the sound—they’re just maternally conditioned not to complain about it as much.

4. Train Scraping on Tracks
Even if you don’t live in an area with regular rail transport (subway, passenger train), I’m sure the sound of metal-on-metal grinding—however it’s caused—still raises a hackle or two.

5. A Squeaky Wheel that Needs Some Grease
Whether it was a teeter-totter, a door hinge, or some other constantly moving part that is in serious need of lubrication, that constant whiny squeak sound irritated enough people to rank at number five.

6. Poorly Played Violin

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One of my favorite bands of all time, Sparks, had a great line in their song “Amateur Hour”: “It’s a lot like playing the violin, you cannot start off and be Yehudi Menuhin.” Apparently they were right—very bad scraping on the ol’ violin strings sets a lot of people’s teeth on edge.

7. Flatulence
It took us this long to get back to bodily noises? Not surprisingly, while it was men that found the sound of a crying baby irritating, women overwhelmingly voted for the sound of … gastritis (as Archie Bunker called it) as being upsetting.

8. People Arguing
Psychologists would probably trace the high placement of this sound to people’s childhoods and possibly their memories of cringing in the closet with their hands over their ears as their parents fought.

9. Mains Hum

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That annoying buzz you occasionally hear through speakers…for the audiophiles in the audience, it occurs at 50Hz in the UK and 60Hz in the US.

10. Person Chewing Food with an Open Mouth
An apple was the most-mentioned annoying open-mouthed munching sound, but I’m sure you can think of grosser sounds coming from a dining partner who inadvertently invites you to view and listen to his meal via his (or her) gaping maw. (And for the record, I have since curbed my movie theater popcorn-eating noises thanks to constructive criticism from my patient spouse.)

11. Fingernails on a Chalkboard
Perhaps it’s because so many schools now use whiteboards instead of chalkboards that this once classic example of an annoying sound ranked so low on the list. (Maybe it deserves a place in the Obsolete Sounds graveyard?) But those of us old enough to remember the hair-raising squeak of nails accidentally scraped on slate in elementary school still cringe at the memory.

These additional items are culled from other studies:

Dental Drill
Dr. Cox found that certain sounds skewed very differently according to geography. In all of the South American countries that responded to his survey, the high-pitched whine of a dentist’s drill was the number one sound that made folks shudder. When asked in an interview what sound was his personal bugaboo, Cox (who resides in Manchester, England) admitted that he was likewise squicked out by the dental drill.

Knife against Glass Bottle
Scientists at Newcastle University conducted a very precise study in 2012 concentrating on the sounds that registered in the super-sensitive sound frequency range of 2,000 to 5,000 hz. They played a variety of painful noises, including chalk squeaking on a blackboard and a fork scratching a drinking glass, but according to the MRI scans of their volunteers a knife scraping against a bottle was the most excruciating.

Squealing Bicycle Brakes
Michael Oehler and Christoph Reuter of the University of Vienna added a twist when they conducted their 2011 study. Prior to playing an assortment of unpleasant sounds to one test group, they informed the volunteers that they would be hearing portions of a performance art piece, while the second group was told the actual source of each sound. Each group was asked to rate their discomfort on a scale of one to six, and the folks who thought they were listening to avant garde music gave slightly lower marks to each sound. Squeaky bike brakes scored high on the list along with the usual suspects (nails on a chalkboard, natch).

* * *

So what sound absolutely makes you cringe? Or repulses you to the point where you can’t bear to hear it? As a kid I could always make my mom run away in horror by squeaking a piece of Styrofoam against cardboard.

Fingernails on a Chalkboard: Why This Sound Gives You the Shivers

If you're like most people, you probably can't stand the sound of fingernails scraping across a blackboard. You're probably cringing just thinking about it. This ear-piercing noise is so universally disliked, perhaps it's no surprise that dozens of scientists have researched why it evokes such a visceral reaction.

Overall, research shows that this ear-splitting noise has the same frequency as that of a crying baby and a human scream, indicating that these sounds are tied to survival. For instance, people attuned to these frequencies may rescue a crying infant sooner, improving the baby's longevity.

One study has suggested that the shape of our ear canals, as well as our own perceptions, are to blame for our distaste of shrill sounds. [Breaking the Code: Why Yuor Barin Can Raed Tihs]

The study's participants rated their discomfort to various unpleasant noises, such as a fork scraping against a plate or Styrofoam squeaking. The two sounds rated as the most unpleasant, they said, were fingernails scratching on a chalkboard and a piece of chalk running against slate.

The researchers then created variations of these two sounds by modifying certain frequency ranges, removing the harmonic portions (or other concordant tones). They told half of the listeners the true source of the sounds, and the other half that the sounds came from pieces of contemporary music. Finally, they played back the new sounds for the participants, while monitoring certain indicators of stress, such as heart rate, blood pressure and the electrical conductivity of skin.

They found that the offensive sounds changed the listeners' skin conductivity significantly, showing that they really do cause a measureable, physical stress reaction.

The most painful frequencies were not the highest or lowest, but instead those that were between 2,000 and 4,000 Hertz. The human ear is most sensitive to sounds that fall in this frequency range, said study researcher Michael Oehler, a professor of media and music management at Macromedia University of Applied Sciences in Germany.

Oehler pointed out that the shape of the human ear canal may have evolved to amplify frequencies that are important for communication and survival. Thus, a painfully amplified chalkboard screech is just an unfortunate side effect of this (mostly) beneficial development. "But this is really just speculation," Oehler told Live Science in 2011, when the research was presented at a meeting for the Acoustical Society of America. "The only thing we can definitively say is where we found the unpleasant frequencies."

Listeners in the study, Oehler said, rated a sound as more pleasant if they thought it was pulled from a musical composition. (Though this didn't fool their bodies, as participants in both study groups expressed the same changes in skin conductivity.) The implication, then, is that chalkboard screeches may not irk people so much if they didn't already think the sound was incredibly annoying. [Why Do Seashells Sound Like the Ocean?]

Brain pickings

Another study, published in the Journal of Neuroscience in 2012, reveals what's happening in the brain when people hear screechy sounds. The findings suggest that the fingernail-chalkboard sound triggers an uptick in communication between a region of the brain involved in hearing and another region of the brain involved in emotions.

In the study, 13 participants listened to 74 sounds, including nails on a chalkboard and the whine of power tools, and rated them according to their pleasantness. Researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine how the participants' brains responded to the sounds.

When the participants heard an unpleasant sound, there was an interaction between the auditory cortex, which processes sound, and the amygdala, which processes negative emotions.

"It appears there is something very primitive kicking in," study researcher Sukhbinder Kumar, a research fellow at Newcastle University, told Live Science in 2012. "It's a possible distress signal from the amygdala to the auditory cortex."

Moreover, the more averse the sound, the greater the activity between these two brain regions, the researchers said. Some of the most unpleasant sounds, according to the participants' ratings, included a knife on a bottle, a fork on a glass and chalk on a blackboard. The nicest sounds included flowing water, thunder and a laughing baby, they found. [Why Does the Sound of Water Help You Sleep?]

Frequencies between 2,000 and 5,000 Hertz were found to be unpleasant — roughly the same frequencies found by the 2011 research. "This is the frequency range where our ears are most sensitive," Kumar said. The reason for such sensitivity is not exactly understood, but this range includes the sounds of screams, which people find intrinsically unpleasant, he said.

Ig Noble Prize

A study investigating shrill sounds won a 2006 Ig Nobel Prize, awarded by the Society for Improbable Research. For the study, published in 1986 in the journal Perception & Psychophysics, scientists recorded the sound of a garden tool scraping over a chalkboard. Then the researchers fiddled with the recording, removing the high, middle and low frequencies from different recordings.

After playing the modified sounds to volunteers, the researchers found that removing the high frequencies didn't make the sounds more pleasant. Rather, eliminating the low and middle frequencies of the sound made the sounds more appealing, they learned, according to Medical Press.

In addition, the warning cry of a chimpanzee is similar to the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard, they found. Perhaps people have an unconscious reflex to this sound because of its uncanny resemblance to a warning call, the researchers told Medical Press.

Animal repellents are products designed to keep certain animals away from objects, areas, people, plants, or other animals.

Repellents generally work by taking advantage of an animal's natural aversion to something, and often the thing chosen is something that the animal has learned to avoid (or instinctively avoids) in its natural environment.

For example, some animals will avoid anything that has the odor of the urine of certain predators. Tiger urine is thus very effective at keeping away animals. Coyote urine has gained currency as a deer repellent. Fox urine is used to repel rabbits, groundhogs, woodchucks, squirrels and chipmunks. Bobcat urine repels moles, mice, voles and other rodents. Wolf urine is used to repel moose.

Chemical repellents mimic natural substances that repel or deter animals, or they are designed to be so irritating to a specific animal or type of animal that the targeted animal will avoid the protected object or area. Some chemical repellents combine both principles. There are many homemade deer repellent recipes[1] on the web.

For example, the lawn fertilizer Milorganite is claimed to be an effective repellent due to its smell. Repellents fall into two main categories, odor and taste. Odor repellents work better in the warm seasons and taste repellents work better in the cold months. Taste repellents only work after the deer or other animal has taken a bit out of the plant. If you have a plant you don't want nibbled on at all, use an odor repellent or a combination of both.

Other types of non-chemical repellents are sometimes used. A simple electrified or barbed wire fence can mechanically repel livestock or predator animals. Some electrical repellent systems have been tested against sharks. High-frequency whistles have been used on vehicles to drive deer away from highways, and similar devices have been used to deter and repel certain types of insects or rodents. Repellents for domestic cats and dogs can also be found; these include ultrasonic devices which emit a high frequency noise that does not affect humans. These types of non-chemical repellents are quite controversial because their effectiveness varies from person to person. Furthermore, there have been few scientific studies conducted to prove that they do work. They are, however, a safe and humane way of disposing pests.

There are also few alternate ways to repel Cats and Dogs which are effective, such as repellent chemical Spray, electronic pet barrier, motion activated sprinkler etc. In Addition, vinegar can be used as organic pet repellent.[2]

[3] Flashing lights are used to repel lions in Kenya.

The ideal repellent is completely specific for the target animal; that is, it drives away the animal that one wishes to repel without affecting or harming any other animals or people. One type of animal repellent may be effective for raccoons, while another animal repellent may be more effective for skunks. It can be difficult to design a repellent method that drives away only undesirable animals while having no effect on people or other creatures.

Some animals are more likely to be targeted than others by human users of repellents. Targeted animals are often predators of animals of interest to human beings, such as food fish or livestock. Sometimes the targeted animals are predators of human beings themselves.
Research has shown that cinnamon oil, clove oil, and eugenol are effective snake repellents. Snakes will retreat when sprayed directly with these oils and will exit cargo or other confined spaces when these oils are introduced to the area.[4][5]
In ancient times the Greek historian Herodotus noted that Arabian harvesters of frankincense used burning resin from Styrax trees to repel poisonous snakes that lived in the trees.[6]
Camphor[citation needed]
Moth balls[citation needed]
The roots and other parts of Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha emit chemical compounds that repel animals including rats, snakes and crocodiles.[7][8] For snakes, roots are placed in the rafters of houses.

Does An Ultrasonic Dog Repeller Sound Device Work?

Many people are interested in their safety when it comes to aggressive dogs, and an ultrasonic dog repeller emits a sound that is out of the human hearing range. This type of device is intended to effectively startle and confuse the aggressive animal to stop its pursuit. Although this type of device has had some success, there are other options available that may prove to be more effective.

Aggressive behavior in dogs can often be linked to genetically encoded, biologically driven prey drive, or protective aggression.  These motivations have been bred in for many, many generations.  To deal with dogs acting out possessive and predatory aggressiveness, professionals and outdoor enthusiasts have a few choices.  Sound Defense offers the audible dog deterrent that emits a sound within the dog’s sensitive hearing range.  It has been designed to be repulsive to dogs.  There are also pepper sprays.  Pepper sprays are often difficult to use since they can be affected by temperature. They should be held upright for use, shouldn’t be shaken too much during activity, and often result in blowback, as well as overspray, which can be a serious problem.  As mentioned before, there are also ultrasonic devices available, which claim to emit tones far outside dogs sensitive hearing range.

Why does the sensitive hearing range matter?

It has been established that sounds within human’s sensitive hearing range are often the most repulsive to people.  Sound Defense emits a high powered signal within the dog’s sensitive hearing range.  A few examples of what people find repulsive are, fingernails on a blackboard, a knife scraping a bottle, brakes squealing, and a female scream.  All of these sounds fall within a human’s sensitive hearing range.  These sounds within a humans sensitive hearing range are repulsive to people and can have a physiological effect, including possible changes in skin conductance, heart rate, and respiratory influences.  Based on what people find to be repulsive, sounds in a dog’s sensitive hearing range would likely be repulsive to the dog.  Imagine these repulsive sounds amplified in the Sound Defense K9 Warning Device.

The volume of an ultrasonic dog repeller and the sound it emits also seems to be a factor.  The louder the sound, and the more amplified and repulsive it may be.  Sounds within an animal’s sensitive hearing range will be perceived as louder to the animal than sounds of the same decibel level outside the animal’s sensitive hearing range.  Ultrasonic sounds are far outside dog’s sensitive hearing range.

In people, studies have concluded that repulsive sounds in the sensitive hearing range effect a part of the brain known as the amygdala.  When presented with repulsive sounds in the sensitive hearing range, it is believed that the amygdala takes control of the activity in the auditory part of the brain.  This makes a person’s perception of the sound feel even more repulsive.  The amygdala is known to create emotional reactions and process memories.  The amygdala is the part of the limbic system.  The limbic system supports emotion, behavior, motivation, and long-term memory.  It has been suggested that sounds within an animal’s sensitive hearing range reach the amygdala first without having to be processed by the thinking part of the brain.

Sounds that people find to be most repulsive fall within humans sensitive hearing range.  Applying this to dogs, a repulsive dog deterrent sound would be one within their sensitive hearing range.  The Sound Defense emits a dog deterrent sound that is within dog’s sensitive hearing range.  It has been designed to be repulsive and designed to keep aggressive dogs at a safe distance.

In conclusion, pepper spray can be difficult to use and aim, and an ultrasonic dog repeller sound is far outside dogs sensitive hearing range, but the Sound Defense emits a signal within dogs sensitive hearing range. It is designed to be a sound that is repulsive to dogs, and this just may stop their aggressive pursuit.

Back to main topic: Dog Repeller Sound

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What Is An Effective Dog Repellent That Uses Sound?
Why Is A Dog Repellent Whistle Is A Must-Have Accessory?