Sunday, March 31, 2019

An offbeat Proposal: (Revised Updated 2019 Edition)

He pursued her avidly, writing her as many as three letters a day and even offering a celibate marriage to appease her fear of sex.— Ruth Franklin

An offbeat Proposal:

A confirmed bachelor at age 40-ish -- Looking for a live-in relationship -- Any body build would do:

1. ectomorphic

2. endomorphic

3. mesomorphic

Just kidding!

A Suitable Boy right out of Vikram Seth's novel is looking for you! Where're you? Would-be live-in partner eh? Hmm.

I’ll give you some keywords:

She’d be well-read, liberal, intelligent and pretty. (No brain-dead beauty, please!) Type B personality! Shouldn’t be tomboyish! Talkative. Great mind-set. Humor. This isn't a prerequisite but it'd be splendid if she: speaks impeccable and chaste Urdu; loves Urdu poetry; and is an American from Lucknow!

Postscript: Girls with braces -- Excuse me.
Braces you know:

braces plural, dentistry : an orthodontic appliance usually of metallic wire that is used especially to exert pressure to straighten misaligned teeth

Yep, yep. Those.

Machiavellianism



Definition:
the view that politics is amoral and that any means, however unscrupulous, can justifiably be used in achieving political power


About the word:

In 1513, Niccolò Machiavelli wrote Il Principe ("The Prince") to advise and impress the new Florentine ruler, Prince Lorenzo de' Medici. The book's instructions on obtaining and wielding power - e.g., "It is better to be feared than loved" - suggest the cynicism that gave its author a place in the language.

gedankenexperiment -- Spell and Pronounce this! LOL

Definition of gedankenexperiment
: an experiment carried out in thought only
  

Reprint: Sisyphus is in you.


Saturday, August 4, 2018

Mettle: Strength of spirit: Ability to continue despite difficulties.

There is no magic wand that could change boys into men but sheer, mammoth grit.
This is your life.
If you are a closet escapist opt for hot-air balloon ride. No one would ever suspect your timidity.
But if you have even a wee bit of pathfinding spunk --
Invoke the pygmy Sherpa-like relentlessness of spirit in you.
It would metamorphose into a real giant. Eventually.
Buckle down to Sisyphean ordeals.
Don't shy away from 'em.
Sisyphus is in you.
Listen to your inner voice.
Try not to muffle or squelch those echoes.

Reprint: Essentials: A word of advice ...

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Essentials: A word of advice... 

You don't have to be a poster boy... You don't have to have Greek god looks... You don't have to have a ritzy automobile or superbike. Those things are insignificant. Your resume should show academic prowess -- That's essential. Evolution is essential. From an egg into an imago. The only thing that shouldn't be part of your life cycle is dormancy. Never STOP striving. Try to outdo yourself... Prove your mettle...

Dedicating a romantic song to her on radio is lovey-dovey--BUT--attempting to code a new distro of Linux is evangelical -- That'd really impress her. You'd dedicate that Linux variant to her!
A funky smartphone isn't a must-have--BUT--a book by Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam is essential.

Don't let her say: 'You're NOT my type!' -- Don't let her say something like: Quote: 'We're not suited, we need some space, of course we can still be friends.' Unquote.

It's the flawlessness of your character -- It's the unimpeachability of your character -- That's the determining factor -- that'd eventually make her give you an  affirmative answer. When it comes to girls--it's always your integrity--that'd woo her--NOT your premium credit card or palatial house.

So get cracking, kiddos: Write some cool code. :-)

Saturday, March 30, 2019

This Wikipedia Page has loads of info on Ethical Hacking; Electronic countermeasures etc.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keystroke_logging#Hardware-based_keyloggers

Even entry-level IT students, or novice / amateur -- laymen could pull a fast one on you. It's a cinch.

Guys watch out for this: Hardware-based keyloggers

https://www.keelog.com/

This's something you guys should watch for: Hardware Keylogging Keyboard etc.

https://www.keelog.com/wifi-hardware-keylogger/

Writing ...

People in dungarees / overalls -- I'm in my element amongst / with 'em --

Reprint: The joy of giving . . . .

Monday, August 6, 2018
Reprint: From my Blog . . . .

FRIDAY, AUGUST 24, 2012

The joy of giving . . . .
I've learnt that giving (irrespective of race, religion, creed or political convictions) -- even just a wee bit -- even at a micro level -- unselfishly and unconditionally gives you joy. Sudha Murty Ji says the same thing -- giving back to society. It's not about money always -- most important thing you'd give to an underprivileged person is dignity and respect. A little chitchat. A pat on the back. Sharing a smoke. Having Chai together. Empathy. Mercy. Compassion.

Simple life ... my comfort zone

I'd like to have my meals on a banana leaf -- some ritzy restaurant makes me feel awkward -- I can't afford to go to such places --in the first place --  and I don't know how to eat with Knife and Fork -- I'd like to sit down on the floor with utmost humility -- and have my food with laborers -- 
blue-collar workers -- my comfort zone ...

Simplicity










This is why men traditionally get down on one knee to propose by Catriona Harvey-Jenner

It is a bit weird, when you think about it.

https://www.cosmopolitan.com/uk/love-sex/news/a50239/why-men-get-down-on-one-knee-propose/

Postscript: I haven't read this though. But this's something that I'm inquisitive about ...

The emotional moment a man asks a woman to be with him for the rest of his life, why does he get down on one knee? By HAYLEY RICHARDSON

https://www.thesun.co.uk/living/1717093/this-is-why-men-get-down-on-one-knee-and-other-interesting-facts-which-explain-the-modern-marriage-proposal/

Postscript: I didn't read this though. But this is the question / answer I was looking for.

Friday, March 29, 2019

This is an untitled post -- LOL This itself is a title!

1. I'm Not OK, You're OK

2. I'm Not OK, You're Not OK

3. I'm OK, You're Not OK

4. I'm OK, You're OK

Influence on popular culture: Look it up.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I'm OK_–_You're_OK

I'm OK – You're OK


On Contractions of Multiple Words -- My comments: brainteasers!

You all would not have guessed some of these

Everyone knows contractions like didn't and would've, but what about more complicated ones? Editor Serenity Carr takes a look at situations where as many as five words can be contracted at the same time. 

Transcript:
You're probably familiar with regular contractions made with two words like you'd and didn't. And you've probably even used contractions with three words like she'd've and wouldn't've. I'd've thought they'd've been familiar to you and you wouldn't've been surprised to hear them.
But can we contract more than three words? More than four? You'dn't've guessed they're possible, but they are. Many are dialectal or regional. Y'all'll've heard them from Southerners in places like Texas or Georgia, where they'dn't've thought twice about using them. We could've guessed at more, but at some point y'all'dn't've been able to understand them anyway. 

Source: https://www.merriam-webster.com

There are 3 types of symbiosis:

1. Parasitism: parasite benefits, host is hurt.
2. Commensalism: one species benefits, the other is neither hurt nor helped.
3. Mutualism: both species benefit

Spellbound :-) Abracadabra ...

If you've any suggestions, comments or criticisms, please do write to me. I'd like to hear from you. :-) My E-mail address is: maqsoodqureshi@gmail.com

No trolling i.e.
: to antagonize (others) online by deliberately posting inflammatory, irrelevant, or offensive comments or other disruptive content

No death threats either: I'm a feeble old man --

I'm into many things: Ghostbuster, psychical research and ufology

Postscript: No distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack ;-)

That's all for now. Bye.

Let's go back to our game: spelling bee:

1.whatchamacallit

2. thingumajig

Where Wizards Stay Up Late: The Origins Of The Internet by Katie Hafner (This book is on my wish list.) :-)



Thursday, March 28, 2019

http://www.fluentzy.com/

For fluency in English. A time-honoured self-study system.
For those who write good English. But can't speak English with true fluency.

By Prof. Kev Nair
http://www.fluentzy.com/

You know English. But do you speak it fluently?

http://www.fluentzy.com/

Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Poetic license or poetic justice eh?

I love poetry -- but overstepping and transgression scare me -- some of 'em are blatantly blasphemous 

One more thing:

Status: Keying ...

Charles Sobhraj: Escape artist / Jailbreak! LOL


Reprint: Tuesday, July 22, 2008 Prized Possession / Talisman: My Charles Sobhraj Cap

This’s my most prized possession. It isn’t just a CAP – it's a talisman -- it metamorphosis me (like Animorphs!) into Charles Sobhraj – without it the Charles Sobhraj element in me will die.

How Humble BBS Begat Wired World by Kim Zetter

Kim Zetter is an award-winning, senior staff reporter at Wired covering cybercrime, privacy, and security. She is writing a book about Stuxnet, a digital weapon that was designed to sabotage Iran's nuclear program.

It was called a bulletin board system, or BBS, and was essentially a virtual living room where people hooked up remotely to chat, exchange freeware or play computer games, albeit at a really slow speed.
Anyone nostalgic for those halcyon days can now thank digital archivist and filmmaker Jason Scott for BBS: The Documentary, a five-and-a-half-hour paean to the era when computers were named Stacy and Lisa, and tech loyalists fought bitter battles over the superiority of Ataris to Amigas.
Filled with interviews of the founders of the first bulletin board, the creator of Fido software, internet patriarch Vint Cerf and many others, the surprisingly engrossing documentary grew out of a project Scott began in 1998 when he started collecting text files posted to BBSes over the years and published them at textfiles.com. He just wanted to preserve a bit of tech history that meant a lot to his teen years, but he was soon inundated with BBS artifacts that other people sent in.
BBSes were the blogs of their day and began sprouting up in the late '70s, after the appearance of the Hayes modem, with names like Aladdin's Lamp, The Puzzle Palace and Leprechaun Heaven, each one devoted to a different topic. Users and system operators, or sysops, compiled directories of BBS names, phone numbers and their topics. Scott culled the names he could find and composed a list that has now grown to 105,000.
When he posted the list online, it gave old BBS users a blast from their past.
"They would type in their name on Google and here would come up the name of a BBS that they had run 20 years ago when they were 13," Scott said. "I had a guy tell me that he was dating a girl and she asked him, 'What was the Wizard Castle?' It was the name of a BBS he had run for only a few months in 1983."
People began sending Scott personal essays reminiscing about their life on the boards. So Scott, who studied film in school, decided to make a documentary. The four-year project, begun in 2001, was just released as a three-DVD set containing eight episodes and bonus material. Fans can see various aspects of the BBS story, such as the birth of boards, the creation of FidoNet, the appearance of online porn and the digital art medium called ANSI art.
The first BBS was launched in 1978 by Ward Christensen, an IBM mainframe programmer who developed Xmodem, and Randy Suess. It was born during a snowstorm.
When a blizzard struck Chicago where Christensen lived, he couldn't go to work one day, and he decided to fiddle with an idea he and Suess had discussed for their computer club, the Chicago Area Computer Hobbyist Exchange, or CACHE. The plan was to replace the group's answering machine that announced meetings with a computerized message board allowing people to leave messages on the board using their computer. It took Christensen two weeks to write the software while Suess assembled the hardware.
The board launched Feb. 16, 1978, as CBBS, for the Computerized Bulletin Board System, using a 300-baud modem. Only one caller could connect to the board at a time (eventually someone developed software to allow multiple phone lines to connect to a board at once), and the system could transfer only about five words per second. But it was a hit.
Months later, Christensen and Suess published an article about the board in Byte magazine and distributed free copies of the BBS software. BBSes began popping up everywhere, but callers to them were scarce since few people owned modems yet.
Within two years, 200 to 300 BBSes flourished, and eventually more than 150,000 existed in North America at the peak of their popularity.
Unlike the nascent internet, whose use was confined at the time to researchers and the military, BBSes were populist to their core, available to anyone who could afford the hefty $3,000 to $10,000 price tag for a computer. All it took to establish a BBS and become your own sysop was to install the software on a home PC with a modem and connect it to a phone line that remote users could dial into and leave messages.
On the surface, the BBS was, perhaps, a ridiculous idea. Conversations took an eon to unfold. And a game of digital chess or Battleship played on the boards would take days to progress because a player had to wait a day or two after making a move for an opponent to dial in and take a turn.
Tom Jennings, creator of the Fido protocol that allowed hundreds of BBSes to network with each other, recalls describing the concept to friends and getting blank stares.
"With this program you'd have on your computer you'd dial a number, you'd enter your name and password ... and then you could go to the messages so you could read the messages. And then you could add one," Jennings told friends. "And if you waited long enough, and I had to say months, other people would have called in and left messages. And after a few months you would have a conversation.
"And they're like, why?... It was unbelievably stupid."
And yet more and more people signed on. Scott said "BBS" became a code word for passage to a revolutionary underground society.
"If you mentioned the term 'BBS' to someone and no spark of recognition appeared in their eyes," one user told Scott in the film, "you said screw them, they're not worth your time."
A number of sysops interviewed in the film described watching the lights on the computer next to their bed flash at night as they lay in the dark and feeling awe that technology had brought the world to their bedroom.
Often the information superhighway came at a hefty price, however, because cross-country calls to BBSes not in the area could cost $1 a minute, leading to $600 phone charges for heavy users who frequented half a dozen or more boards daily.
Lasting friendships were forged, and marriages were made and broken, as the online medium offered new ways for people to meet and cheat. The boards also saved lives.
One woman told a sysop that finding his board led her to abandon a plan to commit suicide, while closeted gays expressed relief at finding alternative lifestyle boards for communities they never knew existed.
Although board communication could be laborious, its nature changed in 1983 with the appearance of Fido, a protocol that allowed BBSes to communicate with one another to create a FidoNet for wider distribution of messages. Instead of posting a message to just one board, a user could post a message and have it fan out to hundreds or thousands of boards at a time.
In 1984, FidoNet had only 132 nodes; by 1995, the number had grown to more than 35,000 worldwide.
"FidoNet really felt like it was changing the world. And it was," Scott said. "The idea that you could send a message and it would filter out to a thousand BBSes within a day or two was intoxicating to a person. It's easy now when people can send messages instantaneously. But at the time nobody thought this was something that was ever going to fall into the hands of regular people."
The ills that hit the internet later struck BBSes early – from innocuous but annoying flame wars to pornography and pirated software, which drew the attention of law enforcement and critics who hated the free-for-all nature of the boards.
"I found quotes online ... a person was talking to a librarian at a BBS convention and the librarian said it would be a lot easier for librarians if these BBSes would just go away," Scott said. "Here's all this stuff going out and nobody knows where it's from. People are transferring information willy-nilly and there's no protection. You could see all of this fear."
And there arose a philosophical schism between free and fee-based boards, leading purists to accuse the fee-based boards of violating the open-source spirit of the community.
"That's where the real fights started," Scott said. "For a certain group of people ... the minute you started charging money, you lost them. You made it uncool."
Around 1995, just as the mention of BBSes on an episode of Law & Order signaled the phenomenon's entry into pop culture, the reign of boards came to a crashing end. That's when the internet took hold and, like vinyl records and 8-track tapes, bulletin boards quickly faded to obscurity. Some BBS owners morphed their systems into the first internet service providers but most disappeared. Only a few hundred dialup BBSes still exist, Scott said.
Now he laughs at the people who feared the BBS.
"I just say to them, oh yeah, BBSes went away. I hope you're happy with what you have now," Scott said. "And let's see what comes next."

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

How Humble BBS Begat Wired World

Remember when there was no e-mail or instant messaging? Reaching out to touch someone digitally once meant you had to dial into a phone line through your Trash-80 PC, type a message, post it to an online bulletin board and then wait weeks – or more often months – to get a response.

Before America Online, Friendster, forums and blogs, geeks communicated with one another in a clunky and pedestrian way that was the precursor to all subsequent forms of online communication.

Read on: 
https://www.wired.com/2005/06/how-humble-bbs-begat-wired-world/



CompTIA PenTest+

CompTIA PenTest+ is for cybersecurity professionals tasked with penetration testing and vulnerability management. 

Jobs that use CompTIA PenTest+

Penetration Tester
Vulnerability Tester
Security Analyst (II)
Vulnerability Assessment Analyst
Network Security Operations
Application Security Vulnerability

What Skills Will You Learn?

https://certification.comptia.org/certifications/pentest

Prenup (prenuptial agreement) -- Draft Keying in

This is something that Ross Jeffries won't approve --
In India -- Particularly in Hyderabad -- if you literally STALK a girl --
There's no Harassment Restraining Order (HRO) or anything like that -- or Ankle monitor!

Status: Writing


matryoshka doll

I live in a fantasy world -- A live happily ever after--type -- With a fictional girlfriend -- A live-in relationship -- She's the most prettiest, sveltest, brightest and swankiest girl -- 

Status: Writing ...

Monday, March 25, 2019

Sura: Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread), Sura # 5, Verse # 31

Then Allah sent a crow searching in the ground to show him how to hide the disgrace of his brother. He said, "O woe to me! Have I failed to be like this crow and hide the body of my brother?" And he became of the regretful.

Scarecrow



Hit the road ...


Sunday, March 24, 2019

burner phone

Definition of burner phone
: a prepaid cell phone that is not bound to a contract with a carrier and is usually intended to be disposed of after use

North American informal A cheap mobile phone paid for in advance.
‘he bought a burner to get in touch with Shapiro’

— called also burner

Irony . . . .

qismat to dekh TuuTī hai jā kar kahāñ kamand
kuchh duur apne haath se jab baam rah gayā

Reprint: My autobiography: In a nutshell

My life has always been a game of Snakes and Ladders. There're more snakes than ladders.



My comments: I wanted something more authoritative -- but I couldn't get it.

I recently read online that each day the average person has about 50,000 thoughts. Some researchers put that number at 70,000 thoughts per day.

By Bruce Davis, Ph.D., Contributor
Retreat leader at Silent Stay Retreat Center

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/healthy-relationships_n_3307916

Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid (may Allah preserve him) Versus World renowned visionary physicist Stephen Hawking tsk-tsk

The creation of man 

https://islamqa.info/en/answers/13286/the-creation-of-man

Question # 13286 

https://islamqa.info

“We are just an advanced breed of monkeys on a minor planet of a very average star. But we can understand the Universe. That makes us something very special.” — Stephen Hawking

Hacking For Dummies, 6th Edition: Stop hackers before they hack you!

In order to outsmart a would-be hacker, you need to get into the hacker’s mindset. And with this book, thinking like a bad guy has never been easier. In Hacking For Dummies, expert author Kevin Beaver shares his knowledge on penetration testing, vulnerability assessments, security best practices, and every aspect of ethical hacking that is essential in order to stop a hacker in their tracks.
Whether you’re worried about your laptop, smartphone, or desktop computer being compromised, this no-nonsense book helps you learn how to recognize the vulnerabilities in your systems so you can safeguard them more diligently—with confidence and ease.

Get up to speed on Windows 10 hacks 
Learn about the latest mobile computing hacks
Get free testing tools  
Find out about new system updates and improvements

There’s no such thing as being too safe—and this resourceful guide helps ensure you’re protected.

Saturday, March 23, 2019

ethical hacker

https://whatis.techtarget.com/search/query?q=ethical+hacker

Friday, March 22, 2019

pen test (penetration testing)

https://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/penetration-testing

backdoor (computing)

https://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/back-door

going dark

https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/going-dark

gray hat (or grey hat)

https://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/gray-hat

black hat

https://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/black-hat

bug bounty program

https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/bug-bounty-program

white hat

https://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/white-hat

ethical hacker

https://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/ethical-hacker

ethical hacker

An ethical hacker, also referred to as a white hat hacker, is an information security expert who systematically attempts to penetrate a computer system, network, application or other computing resource on behalf of its owners -- and with their permission -- to find security vulnerabilities that a malicious hacker could potentially exploit.
The purpose of ethical hacking is to evaluate the security of and identify vulnerabilities in systems, networks or system infrastructure. It includes finding and attempting to exploit any vulnerabilities to determine whether unauthorized access or other malicious activities are possible.
Ethical hackers use their skills and many of the same methods and techniques to test and bypass organizations' IT security as their unethical counterparts, who are referred to as black hat hackers. However, rather than taking advantage of any vulnerabilities they find for personal gain, ethical hackers document them and provide advice about how to remediate them so organizations can strengthen their overall security.
Ethical hackers generally find security exposures in insecure system configurations, known and unknown hardware or software vulnerabilities as well as operational weaknesses in process or technical countermeasures.
Any organization that has a network connected to the Internet or provides an online service should consider subjecting it to penetration testing conducted by ethical hackers.
Uses of ethical hacking
There are a number of ways ethical hackers can help organizations, including:
Finding vulnerabilities. Ethical hackers help companies determine which of their IT security measures are effective, which need to be updated and which contain vulnerabilities that can be exploited. When ethical hackers finish evaluating organizations' systems, they report back to company leaders about those vulnerable areas, for instance, a lack of sufficient password encryption, insecure applications or exposed systems running unpatched software. Organizations can use the data from these tests to make informed decisions about where and how to improve their security posture to prevent cyberattacks.
Demonstrating methods used by cybercriminals. These demonstrations show executives the hacking techniques that malicious actors use to attack their systems and wreak havoc with their businesses. Companies that have in-depth knowledge of the methods the attackers use to break into their systems are better able to prevent them from doing so.
Helping prepare for a cyberattack. Cyberattacks can cripple or destroy a business, especially a small business. However, most companies are completely unprepared for cyberattacks. Ethical hackers understand how threat actors operate and they know how these bad actors will use new information and techniques to attack systems. Security professionals who work with ethical hackers are better able to prepare for future attacks because they can better react to the constantly changing nature of online threats.
Ethical hacking techniques
Ethical hackers generally use the same hacking skills that malicious actors use to attack enterprises. Some of these hacking techniques include:
Scanning ports to find vulnerabilities. Ethical hackers use port scanning tools, such as Nmap, Nessus or Wireshark, to scan a company's systems, identify open ports, study the vulnerabilities of each port and take remedial action.
Scrutinizing patch installation processes to be sure that they don't introduce new vulnerabilities in the updated software that can be exploited.
Performing network traffic analysis and sniffing by using appropriate tools.
Attempting to evade intrusion detection systems, intrusion prevention systems, honeypots and firewalls.
Ethical hackers also rely on social engineering techniques to manipulate end users and obtain information about an organization's computing environment. Like black hat hackers, ethical hackers rummage through postings on social media or GitHub, engage employees in phishing attacks through email or roam through premises with a clipboard to exploit vulnerabilities in physical security. However, there are social engineering techniques that ethical hackers should not use, such as making physical threats to employees or other types of attempt to extort access or information.
How to become an ethical hacker
There are no standard education criteria for an ethical hacker, so an organization can set its own requirements for that position. Those interested in pursuing a career as an ethical hacker should consider a bachelor’s or master’s degree in information security, computer science or even mathematics as a strong foundation.
Individuals not planning to attend college can consider pursing an information security career in the military. Many organizations consider a military background a plus for information security hiring, and some organizations are required to hire individuals with security clearances.
Other technical subjects including programming, scripting, networking and hardware engineering, can help those pursuing a career as ethical hackers by offering a fundamental understanding of the underlying technologies that form the systems that they will be working on. Other pertinent technical skills include system administration and software development.
Certified ethical hackers
There are a number of ethical hacking certifications as well as IT certifications related to security that can help individuals become ethical hackers, including:
Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH): This is a vendor-neutral certification from the EC-Council, one of the leading certification bodies. This security certification, which validates how much an individual knows about network security, is best suited for a penetration tester role. This certification covers more than 270 attacks technologies. Prerequisites for this certification include attending official training offered by the EC-Council or its affiliates and having at least two years of information security-related experience.
Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA): This certification is offered by ISACA, a nonprofit, independent association that advocates for professionals involved in information security, assurance, risk management and governance. The exam certifies the knowledge and skills of security professionals. To qualify for this certification, candidates must have five years of professional work experience related to information systems auditing, control or security.
Certified information security manager (CISM): CISM is an advanced certification offered by ISACA that provides validation for individuals who have demonstrated the in-depth knowledge and experience required to develop and manage an enterprise information security program. The certification is aimed at information security managers, aspiring managers or IT consultants who support information security program management.
GIAC Security Essentials (GSEC): This certification created and administered by the Global Information Assurance Certification organization is geared toward security professionals who want to demonstrate they are qualified for IT systems hands-on roles with respect to security tasks. Candidates are required to demonstrate they understand information security beyond simple terminology and concepts.

Thursday, March 21, 2019

Is man’s fate pre-destined or does he have freedom of will?

Praise be to Allaah. 

Belief in al-qadar (the divine will and decree) is one of the pillars of faith, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, when he answered Jibreel’s question about faith: “(It means) believing in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day, and to believe in al-qadar (the divine decree) both good and bad.”
What is meant by al-qadar is that Allaah has decreed all things from eternity and knows that they will happen at times that are known to Him, and in specific ways, and that He has written that and willed it, and they happen according to what He has decreed. [al-Qada’ wa’l-Qadar by Dr ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Mahmoud, p. 39].
Belief in al-qadar is based on four things:
1 – Knowledge, i.e., that Allaah knows what His creation will do, by virtue of His eternal knowledge.
2 – Writing, i.e., that Allaah has written the destiny of all creatures in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz.
3 – Will, i.e., that what Allaah wills happens and what He does not will does not happen. There is no movement in the heavens or on earth but it happens by His will.
4 – Creation and formation, i.e., that Allaah is the Creator of all things, including the actions of His slaves. They do their actions in a real sense, and He is the Creator of them and of their actions.
Whoever believes in these four believes in al-qadar.
The Qur’aan affirms these things in numerous verses, such as the verses in which He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And with Him are the keys of the Ghayb (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in the land and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but He knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record”
[al-An’aam 6:59]
“No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al‑Lawh Al‑Mahfooz) before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allaah”
[al-Hadeed 57:22]
“And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allaah wills the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)”
[al-Takweer 81:29]
“Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation as written in the Book of Decrees Al‑Lawh Al‑Mahfooz)”
[al-Qamar 54:49]
Muslim (2653) narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Allaah wrote down the decrees of creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth.” He said: “And His Throne was upon the water.” 
Hence it should be clear to you that the view that al-qadar was invented by al-Jahm ibn Safwaan is a view that has no sound basis. Al-qadar was not created, rather creation comes under the heading of belief in al-qadar. Al-Jahm went to extremes in affirming the divine will and decree, and claimed that people are compelled to do what they do and have no choice. This is a false view.
The belief of Ahl al-Sunnah wa'l-Jamaa'ah is that a person has freedom of will, and hence he will be rewarded or punished. But his will is subject to the will of Allaah, and nothing can take place in the universe that is not willed by Allaah.
What some people say, that we have the choice to follow whatever path we want but at the end of this path you will find what Allaah has decreed for you, is a correct view. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Verily, We showed him the way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful”
[al-Insaan 76:3]
“And shown him the two ways (good and evil)?”
[al-Balad 90:10]
“And say: “The truth is from your Lord.” Then whosoever wills, let him believe; and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve”
[al-Kahf 18:29]
 Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, explaining the view of Ahl al-Sunnah with regard to man’s deeds: 
People act in a real sense, and Allaah is the Creator of their actions. A person may be a believer or a kaafir, righteous or immoral, he may pray and fast. People have control over their actions, and they have their own will, and Allaah is the Creator of their control and will, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight.
And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allaah wills the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)”
[al-Takweer 81:28-29]
al-Waasitiyyah ma’a Sharh Harraas, p. 65.
Marriage is one of the things that Allaah has decreed. The person whom you will marry is known to Allaah: He knows who he is, when he was born, where and when he will die, how he will be towards you, and other details. All of that is known to Allaah and He has written it in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Book of Decrees), and it will inevitably come to pass as Allaah has decreed.
If Allaah has decreed that you will marry one person, but you choose someone else, then no matter how long it takes, you will marry that person. But your marriage to someone else is also decreed, because there is nothing that is not decreed by Allaah. It may be decreed for a woman to marry So and so the son of So and so, and he comes to propose marriage but she refuses him, and marries someone else, then he (the second man) dies or divorces her, then she accepts the first one. All of that is decreed, and it is decreed for her to marry So and so the son of So and so after initially refusing him and after some experience or trials etc.
It may be decreed for a woman that a righteous man will propose marriage to her, but she will refuse him and he will never come back to her, and she will marry and live with someone else who is more or less righteous, according what Allaah has decreed.
Because man does not know what is decreed for him, what he must do is to adhere to sharee’ah and abide by its commands and prohibitions, and to seek the help of Allaah and pray to Him for guidance (istikhaarah) concerning all his affairs, whilst implementing the means, one of the most important of which is consulting sincere people who have relevant experience.
If a righteous man proposes marriage to a woman, she should pray to Allaah for guidance (istikhaarah) and agree to marry him. If things then go smoothly, this is an indication that what is good for her is to marry him. 
In conclusion, man should study the sharee’ah of Allaah and follow the commands of Allaah even if he feels reluctant, and avoid what Allaah has forbidden even if he is attached to it. All goodness is to be found in obeying sharee’ah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Jihaad(holy fighting in Allaah’s Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allaah knows but you do not know”
[al-Baqarah 2:216]
He should not look at al-qadar as an excuse to ignore commands and do forbidden things, rather he should look at it in a way that will make him content with whatever painful experiences happen to him.
And Allaah knows best.

Source: Islam Q&A 

Question # 20806

Are the monkeys and pigs that exist nowadays humans who have been transformed?

Praise be to Allaah.  
Maskh (transformation) refers to the changing of a person’s exterior appearance. Allaah has told us in more than one place in the Qur’aan that He transformed some of the Children of Israel into monkeys as a punishment for their disobedience towards Allaah. Allaah says, addressing the Children of Israel (interpretation of the meaning):
“And indeed you knew those amongst you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath (i.e. Saturday). We said to them: ‘Be you monkeys, despised and rejected.’
So We made this punishment an example to their own and to succeeding generations and a lesson to those who are Al-Muttaqoon (the pious)”
[al-Baqarah 2:65-66]
And Allaah tells us their story in more detail in Soorat al-A’raaf, where He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And ask them (O Muhammad) about the town that was by the sea; when they transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath (i.e. Saturday): when their fish came to them openly on the Sabbath day, and did not come to them on the day they had no Sabbath. Thus We made a trial of them, for they used to rebel against Allaah’s Command (disobey Allaah)
 And when a community among them said: ‘Why do you preach to a people whom Allaah is about to destroy or to punish with a severe torment?’ (The preachers) said: ‘In order to be free from guilt before your Lord (Allaah), and perhaps they may fear Allaah.’
So when they forgot the reminders that had been given to them, We rescued those who forbade evil, but with a severe torment We seized those who did wrong because they used to rebel against Allaah’s Command (disobey Allaah).
So when they exceeded the limits of what they were prohibited, We said to them: ‘Be you monkeys, despised and rejected’”
[al-A’raaf 7:163-166]
And Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Say: ‘O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do you criticize us for no other reason than that we believe in Allaah, and in (the Revelation) which has been sent down to us and in that which has been sent down before (us), and that most of you are Faasiqoon [rebellious and disobedient (to Allaah)]?’
Say (O Muhammad to the people of the Scripture): ‘Shall I inform you of something worse than that, regarding the recompense from Allaah: those (Jews) who incurred the Curse of Allaah and His Wrath, and those of whom (some) He transformed into monkeys and swines, and those who worshipped Taaghoot (false deities); such are worse in rank (on the Day of Resurrection in the Hell-fire), and far more astray from the Right Path (in the life of this world)’”
[al-Maa’idah 5:59-60]
This transformation was a punishment from Allaah to them for their doing that which Allaah had forbidden to them. This punishment was not exclusively for the Children of Israel, rather the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us that the Hour will not begin until such transformation happens among this ummah too. He issued this warning to those who disbelieve in the divine decree (al-qadr), and those who drink alcohol and listen to singing – we seek refuge with Allaah from that.
Ibn Maajah (4059) narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Shortly before the Hour begins, people will be transformed into monkeys and pigs, swallowed up in the earth, and pelted with stones.” (Saheeh Ibn Maajah, 3280).
Being swallowed up in the earth means that the earth will split open and swallow up a person, house or city, just as Allaah caused the earth to swallow Qaaroon and his household. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning);
“So We caused the earth to swallow him”
[al-Qasas 28:81]
Pelting with stones is the same as Allaah did to the people of Loot. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“and rained down on them stones of baked clay”
[al-Hijr 15:74]
Al-Tirmidhi (2152) narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: “I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say, ‘Among this ummah those who disbelieve in the divine decree (al-qadr) will be swallowed up by the earth, transformed into monkeys and pigs or pelted with stones.” (Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 1748).
And al-Tirmidhi (2212) narrated from ‘Imraan ibn Husayn that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Among this ummah, people will be transformed into monkeys and pigs, swallowed up in the earth, and pelted with stones.” A man among the Muslims said, “O Messenger of Allaah, when will that be?” He said, “When singing-girls and musical instruments become widespread and wine is drunk.” (Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 1802).
These ahaadeeth indicate that such transformations will happen in this ummah as a punishment for some sins. So let the Muslim beware of doing anything that Allaah has forbidden. Woe be to the one who provokes the anger, wrath and vengeance of Allaah. May Allaah keep us all safe from the things that incur His punishment.
But these monkeys and pigs that exist nowadays are not the people from the earlier nations who were transformed, because Allaah does not enable those who have been transformed to have offspring, rather He causes them to die after being transformed, so they have no offspring.
Muslim (2663) narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said: “A man said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, are the monkeys and pigs those who have been transformed?’ The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Allaah does not enable those who have been transformed to have offspring or children. The monkeys and pigs existed before that.’” al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “The Prophet’s words ‘The monkeys and pigs existed before that’ means that they existed before the Children of Israel were transformed, which indicates that they are not from among those who were transformed.”
And Allaah knows best. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and grant him peace.

Source: Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

Question # 14085

https://islamqa.info/

Surah: Al-A'raf (The Heights), Surah #7, Verse # 166

So when they were insolent about that which they had been forbidden, We said to them, "Be apes, despised."

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Biography of Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid

Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid
Birth:
Shaykh al-Munajjid was born on 30 Dhu’l-Hijjah 1380 AH
Education:
He attended elementary school, middle school and high school in Riyadh.
Then he moved to Dhahran in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, where he completed his university studies.
His shaykhs:
He attended the circles of:
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abdillah ibn Baaz
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen
Shaykh ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan al-Jibreen.
The teacher from whom he learned the most by studying under him was Shaykh ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan ibn Naasir al-Barraak.
He learned the correct recitation of Qur’an from Shaykh Sa‘eed Aal ‘Abdillah.
Other shaykhs from whom he learned include:
Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan Aal Fawzaan, Shaykh ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-Ghunaymaan, Shaykh Muhammad ould Sidi al-Habeeb ash-Shinqeeti, Shaykh ‘Abd al-Muhsin az-Zaamil, and Shaykh ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan ibn Saalih al-Mahmood.
The one from whom he learned the most in question-and-answer sessions is Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abdillah ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him), with whom he had a close relationship that lasted for fifteen years. He is the one who encouraged him to teach and wrote to the Centre for Da‘wah and Irshad in Dammam, advising them to cooperate with him in offering lectures, khutbahs and classes. Thanks to Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz, he became a khateeb, imam and lecturer.
Da‘wah activities:
Imam and khateeb at Jaami‘ ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azeez in al-Khobar.
He has taught a number of classes, such as:
Tafseer Ibn Katheer
Sharh Saheeh al-Bukhaari
Fataawa Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah
Sharh Sunan at-Tirmidhi
Sharh Kitaab at-Tawheed by Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab
Sharh ‘Umdat al-Ahkaam fi’l-Fiqh by al-Haafiz ‘Abd al-Ghani al-Maqdisi
Sharh Kitaab Manhaj as-Saalikeen fi’l-Fiqh by Shaykh as-Sa‘di
He gives lectures on Islamic character on Wednesdays, and holds monthly classes in Riyadh and Jeddah.
He has shows on the al-Qur’an al-Kareem radio station called Bayna an-Nabi (sall-Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) wa Ashaabihi, broadcast on Saturdays at 2.05 p.m., and Khutuwaat ‘ala Tareeq al-Islaah, broadcast on Wednesdays at 1.00 p.m., repeated on Mondays at 6.45 p.m.
He has appeared in a number of TV shows and videos presenting various lessons, a total of more than 4500 audio hours over a span of 23 years.
He has written a number of books, including the following:
Koonu ‘ala al-Khayr A‘waanan (Be Helpers in Doing Good)
Arba‘oona Naseehah li Islaah al-Buyoot (The Muslim Home: 40 Recommendations)
33 Sababan li’l-Khushoo‘ (33 Ways of Developing Khushoo‘ in Salaah)
Al-Asaaleeb an-Nabawiyyah fi ‘Ilaaj al-Akhtaa’ (The Prophet’s Methods for Correcting People’s Mistakes)
Saba‘oona Mas’alah fi’s-Siyaam (70 Matters related to Fasting)
‘Ilaaj al-Humoom (Dealing with Worries and Stress)
Al-Manhiyaat ash-Shar‘iyyah (Disallowed Matters)
Muharramaat istahaana biha Katheer min an-Naas (Prohibitions that are Taken Too Lightly)
Madha taf‘alu fi’l-Haalaat at-Taaliyah (What you should do in the following situations)
Zaahirat Da‘f al-Eemaan (Weakness of Faith)
Wasaa’il ath-Thibaat ‘ala Deen-Illah (Means of Steadfastness: Standing Firm in Islam)
Ureedu an Atooba Walaakin… (I Want to Repent, But…)
Shakaawa wa Hulool (Problems and Solutions)
Siraa‘ ma‘a ash-Shahawaat (Striving against Whims and Desires)
He set up the Islam Questions & Answers website (islamqa.com) in 1996 CE, which has remained active up until now.

https://islamqa.info/en/about-director

Is man’s fate pre-destined or does he have freedom of will?

Praise be to Allaah.
Belief in al-qadar (the divine will and decree) is one of the pillars of faith, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, when he answered Jibreel’s question about faith: “(It means) believing in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day, and to believe in al-qadar (the divine decree) both good and bad.”
What is meant by al-qadar is that Allaah has decreed all things from eternity and knows that they will happen at times that are known to Him, and in specific ways, and that He has written that and willed it, and they happen according to what He has decreed. [al-Qada’ wa’l-Qadar by Dr ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Mahmoud, p. 39].
Belief in al-qadar is based on four things:
1 – Knowledge, i.e., that Allaah knows what His creation will do, by virtue of His eternal knowledge.
2 – Writing, i.e., that Allaah has written the destiny of all creatures in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz.
3 – Will, i.e., that what Allaah wills happens and what He does not will does not happen. There is no movement in the heavens or on earth but it happens by His will.
4 – Creation and formation, i.e., that Allaah is the Creator of all things, including the actions of His slaves. They do their actions in a real sense, and He is the Creator of them and of their actions.
Whoever believes in these four believes in al-qadar.
The Qur’aan affirms these things in numerous verses, such as the verses in which He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And with Him are the keys of the Ghayb (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in the land and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but He knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record”
[al-An’aam 6:59]
“No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al‑Lawh Al‑Mahfooz) before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allaah”
[al-Hadeed 57:22]
“And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allaah wills the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)”
[al-Takweer 81:29]
“Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation as written in the Book of Decrees Al‑Lawh Al‑Mahfooz)”
[al-Qamar 54:49]
Muslim (2653) narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Allaah wrote down the decrees of creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth.” He said: “And His Throne was upon the water.” 
Hence it should be clear to you that the view that al-qadar was invented by al-Jahm ibn Safwaan is a view that has no sound basis. Al-qadar was not created, rather creation comes under the heading of belief in al-qadar. Al-Jahm went to extremes in affirming the divine will and decree, and claimed that people are compelled to do what they do and have no choice. This is a false view.
The belief of Ahl al-Sunnah wa'l-Jamaa'ah is that a person has freedom of will, and hence he will be rewarded or punished. But his will is subject to the will of Allaah, and nothing can take place in the universe that is not willed by Allaah.
What some people say, that we have the choice to follow whatever path we want but at the end of this path you will find what Allaah has decreed for you, is a correct view. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Verily, We showed him the way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful”
[al-Insaan 76:3]
“And shown him the two ways (good and evil)?”
[al-Balad 90:10]
“And say: “The truth is from your Lord.” Then whosoever wills, let him believe; and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve”
[al-Kahf 18:29]
 Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, explaining the view of Ahl al-Sunnah with regard to man’s deeds: 
People act in a real sense, and Allaah is the Creator of their actions. A person may be a believer or a kaafir, righteous or immoral, he may pray and fast. People have control over their actions, and they have their own will, and Allaah is the Creator of their control and will, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight.
And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allaah wills the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)”
[al-Takweer 81:28-29]
al-Waasitiyyah ma’a Sharh Harraas, p. 65.
Marriage is one of the things that Allaah has decreed. The person whom you will marry is known to Allaah: He knows who he is, when he was born, where and when he will die, how he will be towards you, and other details. All of that is known to Allaah and He has written it in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Book of Decrees), and it will inevitably come to pass as Allaah has decreed.
If Allaah has decreed that you will marry one person, but you choose someone else, then no matter how long it takes, you will marry that person. But your marriage to someone else is also decreed, because there is nothing that is not decreed by Allaah. It may be decreed for a woman to marry So and so the son of So and so, and he comes to propose marriage but she refuses him, and marries someone else, then he (the second man) dies or divorces her, then she accepts the first one. All of that is decreed, and it is decreed for her to marry So and so the son of So and so after initially refusing him and after some experience or trials etc.
It may be decreed for a woman that a righteous man will propose marriage to her, but she will refuse him and he will never come back to her, and she will marry and live with someone else who is more or less righteous, according what Allaah has decreed.
Because man does not know what is decreed for him, what he must do is to adhere to sharee’ah and abide by its commands and prohibitions, and to seek the help of Allaah and pray to Him for guidance (istikhaarah) concerning all his affairs, whilst implementing the means, one of the most important of which is consulting sincere people who have relevant experience.
If a righteous man proposes marriage to a woman, she should pray to Allaah for guidance (istikhaarah) and agree to marry him. If things then go smoothly, this is an indication that what is good for her is to marry him. 
In conclusion, man should study the sharee’ah of Allaah and follow the commands of Allaah even if he feels reluctant, and avoid what Allaah has forbidden even if he is attached to it. All goodness is to be found in obeying sharee’ah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Jihaad(holy fighting in Allaah’s Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allaah knows but you do not know”
[al-Baqarah 2:216]
He should not look at al-qadar as an excuse to ignore commands and do forbidden things, rather he should look at it in a way that will make him content with whatever painful experiences happen to him.
And Allaah knows best.

Source: Islam Q&A 
https://islamqa.info/en/answers/20806/is-mans-fate-pre-destined-or-does-he-have-freedom-of-will

Falseness of the theory of evolution

Praise be to Allaah.
This view is not correct, and the evidence for that is that Allaah has described in the Qur’aan the stages of the creation of Adam. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Verily, the likeness of ‘Eesa (Jesus) before Allaah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: ‘Be!’ — and he was”
[Aal ‘Imraan 3:59]
This dust was moistened until it became sticky mud or clay that stuck to the hands. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And indeed We created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth)”
[al-Mu’minoon 23:12]
“Verily, We created them of a sticky clay”
[al-Saaffaat 37:12]
Then it became dried (sounding) clay of altered mud. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And indeed, We created man from dried (sounding) clay of altered mud”
[al-Hijr 15:26]
Then when it dried it became sounding clay like the clay of pottery. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery”
[al-Rahmaan 55:14]
Then Allaah moulded it into the form that He wanted and breathed into him (his) soul created by Him. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“(Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: ‘Truly, I am going to create man from clay’.
So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him”
[Saad 38:71-72]
These are the stages through which the creation of Adam passed according to the Qur’aan. As for the stages of creation which the progeny of Adam pass through, Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And indeed We created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth).
Thereafter We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nutfah (mixed drops of the male and female sexual discharge and lodged it) in a safe lodging (womb of the woman).
Then We made the Nutfah into a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood), then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We brought it forth as another creation. So Blessed is Allaah, the Best of creators”
[al-Mu’minoon 23:12-14]
With regard to the wife of Adam – Hawwa’ (Eve) – Allaah tells us that He created her from him, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women”
[al-Nisa’ 4:1]

Source: From Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 1/31

Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid (islamqa.info) versus Stephen Hawking (English theoretical physicist)

islamqa.info:

Praise be to Allaah.

Belief in destiny and fate is one of the basic beliefs of Islam. It means that Allaah is the Knower of all things and the Creator of all things; nothing exists outside of His will and decree. He wrote down all things with Him in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Preserved Tablet), and this was fifty thousand years before He created the universe. Everything in the universe, every creature and the things it does, is the creation of Allaah. Whatever He wills happens, and whatever He does not will does not happen. If something happens to a person, it could not have missed him, and if something does not happen to him, it could not have happened to him. A person is not forced to obey or disobey Allaah – he has free will as befits his state, but it is subject to the will of the Creator. And Allaah knows best..


Stephen Hawking:

"I believe the simplest explanation is, there is no God. No one created the universe and no one directs our fate."

social exclusion

a situation in which some people who are poor or who do not have a job do not feel part of the rest of society

Bobo doll experiment

Bobo doll experiment, groundbreaking study on aggression led by psychologist Albert Bandura that demonstrated that children are able to learn through the observation of adult behaviour. The experiment was executed via a team of researchers who physically and verbally abused an inflatable doll in front of preschool-age children, which led the children to later mimic the behaviour of the adults by attacking the doll in the same fashion.

Read on: 
https://www.britannica.com/event/Bobo-doll-experiment

Reprint: Walk Alone

Monday, January 17, 2005

Walk Alone

If they answer not to thy call walk alone,
If they are afraid and cower mutely facing the wall,
O thou of evil luck,open thy mind and speak out alone.
If they turn away, and desert you when crossing the wilderness,
O thou of evil luck,trample the thorns under thy tread,
and along the blood-lined track travel alone.
If they do not hold up the light when the night is troubled with storm,
O thou of evil luck,with the thunder flame of pain ignite thy own heartand let it burn alone.

-- Rabindranath Tagore

Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Chanakya

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chanakya

Grigori Rasputin

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grigori_Rasputin

turn the tables on sb





turn the tables on sb

to change a situation so that you now have an advantage over someone who previously had an advantage over you:
She turned the tables on her rival with allegations of corruption.

Monday, March 18, 2019

Reprint: Ditto

Monday, July 30, 2012

My Comments: Clive Wearing
I think I've got the same thing.

Posted by Maqsood Qureshi at 4:41 AM

Reprint: I think I'm like Mister Clive Wearing...

Tuesday, September 3, 2013

I think I'm like Mister Clive Wearing. I've -- probably -- got retrograde and anterograde amnesias. I've -- perhaps -- become a case study for psychiatric community. I -- really -- don't mind being a subject...

They've got my implicit consent: The psychiatrical community. Posthumously: They'd even check out my brains -- if that'd help 'em -- a breakthrough or something like that in treating amnesiacs.

Posted by Maqsood Qureshi at 9:39 PM

Clive Wearing: his memory only lasts between 7 and 30 seconds.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clive_Wearing

long time no see

said when you meet someone who you haven't seen for a long period of time

Definition of long time no see

informal

—used as a greeting for someone one has not seen for a long time 
Well hello there! Long time no see!
It is a long time since we last met (used as a greeting).

Friday, March 15, 2019

Indianized English


Ten surprising expressions in Indian English By Steven Baker

Teacher sitting on your head? Friend eating your brain? The British Council's Steven Baker picks out ten expressions you will otherwise only discover by going to India.

Did you know there are more users of English in India than in the United Kingdom, Australia, United States, New Zealand and South Africa combined? Not only that, but the colourful Hindi-to-English translations, and use of what would be considered archaic vocabulary elsewhere, mean that Indian English is like no other variety on earth. Here are a few examples:

https://www.britishcouncil.org/voices-magazine/ten-surprising-expressions-indian-english

Which variety of English should you speak? By Urszula Clark

https://www.britishcouncil.org/voices-magazine/which-variety-english-should-you-speak

What is a Flowchart?

To show the sequence of steps in a process or the effects of decisions, use a flowchart. Flow the information from left to right or top down, and keep the diagram clean and simple. It should be easy for anyone to follow and understand with no explanation.

Evolution eh? LOL


Thursday, March 14, 2019

With best compliments from : Near & Dear.

in the pipeline . . . . 
Simply put: I'd write this.

English. Wow. Powwow. =^..^=

I'm not so good -- and am no authority -- but I just wanted to share this with all of you:

in the flower of one's youth
idiom
Definition of in the flower of one's youth
: when one is young
He wrote his best works while in the flower of his youth.


Mind you: This is not Indian English. This is right from Merriam-Webster.
My suggestion to you is: Never say this in conversation or writing. You'd become the laughingstock among your peers.
It's not obsolete -- the dictionary doesn't say so -- but you know that sounds so inappropriate -- idioms whatever.

Shiney Ahuja becomes butt of jokes!
That's from a major daily's supplement: TOI.
if you are the butt of jokes or criticism, people often make jokes about you or criticize you
He became the butt of everyone’s silly jokes.


My bag wasn't simply a bag -- it's my portfolio! See that's how I used to speak. People used to ridicule me.

Parallel universe.

That building diagonally opposite to....
Extract that .…
Like that.

I used to mug up example sentences from dictionary -- to use 'em while talking to my friends and colleagues.

Imagine my pronunciation!

I mispronounce the word pro·​nun·​ci·​a·​tion -- itself LOL

=^..^=